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The Repeated Bout Effect (Is Muscle Damage A Good Thing…?)

June 29, 2021
Written by Brandon Roberts, PhD

6 Min Read

Key takeaways

1

The repeated bout effect (RBE) occurs when a single bout of unfamiliar eccentrically based exercise gives protection against muscle damage from a subsequent session of similar activity.

2

We know muscle damage occurs because of a few indicators: delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), reduced range of motion (ROM), increased creatine kinase (CK) in the blood, myofibrillar disruption in the extracellular matrix, and decreased muscle strength.

3

Our muscles have an intrinsic protective mechanism that reacts to exercise-induced damage using an adaptive response that endows resistance to subsequent exercise-induced damage stimuli.

What is the repeated bout effect?

The repeated bout effect (RBE) occurs when a single bout of unfamiliar eccentrically based exercise gives protection against muscle damage from a subsequent session of similar activity. A good example is when you squat for the first time. Squatting has a large eccentric movement that causes muscle damage. The next time you squat you’ll be less sore and have less muscle damage. 

Is Muscle Damage Important?

We know muscle damage occurs because of a few indicators: delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), reduced range of motion (ROM), increased creatine kinase (CK) in the blood, myofibrillar disruption in the extracellular matrix, and decreased muscle strength. These indicators recover fairly quickly (2-14 days) depending on your experience level and how much training volume you completed during the workout. The indicators recover faster after the first time you ever do an exercise and that is the whole idea behind the RBE. 

The RBE has been studied since the 1980s. It can occur after all types of exercise, including marathon running and traditional strength training. The exact mechanisms are still not clear, but there are three main components:

  1. Metabolic events from training cause hypoxia and ischemia that result in waste accumulation and inflammation at the cellular level. 
  2. Cytoskeletal or membrane proteins are disrupted by mechanical tension.
  3. Neuromuscular adaptations occur via motor units.

In 2003, McHugh concluded that these three adaptations (neural, mechanical, and cellular) might complement each other or operate independently, and that a unified theory to explain the RBE remains elusive. A decade later, it seems most likely that these three adaptations work together to coordinate the RBE. However, they also may work independently. Honestly, we haven’t really learned a whole lot in the past 20 years, so more research is needed to better understand the underlying mechanisms. 

Specific Muscle Activation, Exhaustion, and Damage

The RBE is specific to the muscle exercised, with studies showing there is no cross-transfer to contralateral muscle groups. This means that if you exercise one leg or arm it won’t help the opposite limb adapt to the movement. We don’t see many people trying to do that anyway, so cross-transfer is more of a scientific novelty than an application of RBE. On a more interesting note, different exercise variations do provide a RBE. In one study, 100 maximal eccentric leg extensions provided protection from a subsequent bout of downhill running.

More recent (and applicable) research agrees, with Zourdos et al., finding that incline curls caused a protective effect during subsequent preacher curls compared to repeating incline curls, meaning RBE was not exercise specific. From a practical standpoint, this means that you can switch exercise variations without having to worry about being sore or causing as much muscle damage in similar exercises. 

How Long Does Muscle Damage Last (RBE Duration)

Several studies have helped us figure out that RBE lasts for a long time. One study reported participants had less DOMS and CK when a repeated bout of downhill running was done six weeks after the first bout. Going out even longer, another study reported that RBE lasts at least 6 months but is lost between 9 and 12 months.

This may seem counterintuitive because if you take a break from exercising for a month you often get sore when restarting. The thing to remember is that it will never be as bad as the first time you exercised, which is the idea behind RBE. Ultimately, our muscles have an intrinsic protective mechanism that reacts to exercise-induced damage using an adaptive response that endows resistance to subsequent exercise-induced damage stimuli.

Conclusion:

To sum it up and give some practical application: RBE occurs after the first time you exercise a muscle and helps you adapt to DOMS, reduced ROM, muscle damage, and reduced performance. RBE lasts around 6 months and transfers between exercises so you don’t have to worry that switching your programming will cause you to restart RBE.

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Written by
Brandon Roberts, PhD

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Downhill Metabolisms [What Actually Happens When We Diet]
Nutrition
Downhill Metabolisms [What Actually Happens When We Diet]

For a while you could hear the words “broken metabolism” everywhere in the online space….

Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] The Purpose of Reverse Dieting
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] The Purpose of Reverse Dieting

Reverse Dieting… This is a really hot topic right now, but why? What’s the ACTUAL purpose…

Nutrition
Fast & Efficient Recovery
Training
Fast & Efficient Recovery

When it comes to training there are always some aspects that people leave out or…

Training
[Daily Dose] Power List.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Power List.

Power List. One of the most SIMPLE things you can do to get more shit…

Daily Dose
Fitness Gimmicks VS. Lifestyle/Habits
Training
Fitness Gimmicks VS. Lifestyle/Habits

Everybody see’s all the gimmicks when it comes to fitness and the fads the industry…

Training
[Daily Dose] Master The Basics.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Master The Basics.

Master The Basics. One of the biggest mistakes people make in the gym is overcomplicating…

Daily Dose
Why Losing Weight Gets Harder and Harder… [& How To STOP It!]
Lifestyle
Why Losing Weight Gets Harder and Harder… [& How To STOP It!]

The majority of the people I work with, including myself, want to lose body fat….

Lifestyle
[VIDEO BLOG] What is a refeed day? (NOT a cheat day!)
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] What is a refeed day? (NOT a cheat day!)

Coach: “Alright! Day 1 starts tomorrow! I got your nutrition prescription as well as a guide…

Nutrition
How To Get Jacked As A Vegan [The Detailed Nutrition Plan For Vegan Lifters]
Nutrition
How To Get Jacked As A Vegan [The Detailed Nutrition Plan For Vegan Lifters]

Many people think being vegan and gaining muscle are oxymorons, they are opposites, you can’t…

Nutrition
The Training Solution For Those Who "Don’t Have The Time"
Lifestyle
The Training Solution For Those Who "Don’t Have The Time"

Making enough time for fitness seems to be a pretty common roadblock amongst people. In…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Repeat After Me…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Repeat After Me…

Repeat After Me… This will be short, not necessarily sweet, and very much to the…

Daily Dose
What Do YOU Stand For?
Lifestyle
What Do YOU Stand For?

What do you stand for? No really, don’t just read that… Ask yourself and seriously…

Lifestyle
3 Key Things That GUARANTEE Results.
Nutrition
3 Key Things That GUARANTEE Results.

Access, Association, and Accountability. Within the first line of this article, I’ve given you the…

Nutrition
The Ultimate Kettlebell Workout Guide
guides
The Ultimate Kettlebell Workout Guide

Kettlebell workouts are one of the most diverse training modalities out there. Depending on the…

guides
[Daily Dose] The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU.

The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU. There’s so many of us who want…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Be A Leader, Not A Follower.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Be A Leader, Not A Follower.

Be A Leader, Not A Follower. If you’re reading this, it means you want to…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Success is how you SEE it.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Success is how you SEE it.

Success is how you SEE it. 90% of the results you see are pre-determined based…

Daily Dose
The Stress ≤ Recovery Paradigm
Lifestyle
The Stress ≤ Recovery Paradigm

The Recovery Paradigm, something not many talk about – yet 100% of people are affected…

Lifestyle
7 Steps to a Stress Free Life
Lifestyle
7 Steps to a Stress Free Life

Stress is everywhere and within every person out there. Very few people are completely stress…

Lifestyle
The Decline Of Male Testosterone (Why It’s At An All Time Low)
Nutrition
The Decline Of Male Testosterone (Why It’s At An All Time Low)

Testosterone is perhaps the most well known and most sought after hormone in the male…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The Pursuit of Fulfillment
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Pursuit of Fulfillment

The Pursuit of Fulfillment Someone asked me on my IG story Q&A the other day,…

Daily Dose
Diet Breaks: Defined and Applied
Hormones
Diet Breaks: Defined and Applied

Today we are going to talk about how you can maximize the effectiveness of your…

Hormones
4 Ways To Increase Productivity Towards YOUR Goals
Lifestyle
4 Ways To Increase Productivity Towards YOUR Goals

“Productivity is never an accident. It is always the commitment to excellence, intelligent planning, and…

Lifestyle
Why YOU Should Add Super-Shakes To Your Diet [PLUS 4 Recipes!]
Nutrition
Why YOU Should Add Super-Shakes To Your Diet [PLUS 4 Recipes!]

Super-shakes are an awesome addition to almost anyone’s diet and so many people are failing…

Nutrition
The TRUTH About Meal Timing
Nutrition
The TRUTH About Meal Timing

The great debate of fitness nutrition has always been Nutrient/Meal Timing. I get so many…

Nutrition
Never Give Up
Lifestyle
Never Give Up

Sometimes waiting to reach our goal can feel like an eternity, especially when that goal…

Lifestyle
Quick Fix For Low Back Pain
Training
Quick Fix For Low Back Pain

Low back pain is probably one of the most common issues of pain within the…

Training
Entrepreneur’s NEED To Take Their Health Seriously, More Than Most.
Lifestyle
Entrepreneur’s NEED To Take Their Health Seriously, More Than Most.

If you’re a business owner, entrepreneur of any kind, intrepreneur on a serious grind for…

Lifestyle
Getting Your Period Back
Nutrition
Getting Your Period Back

This article does not contain medical advice. If you are experiencing symptoms of amenorrhea, please…

Nutrition
The 5 Metrics You MUST Be Measuring
Coaching
The 5 Metrics You MUST Be Measuring

Have you ever heard the saying, “what gets measured gets improved?” Progress can be measured…

Coaching
3 Step Checklist to Supplementation
Nutrition
3 Step Checklist to Supplementation

As I’m sitting here on this plane to Vegas for my mentor Luka Hocevar’s fit-business…

Nutrition
Navigating Through The Holidays (Realistic Holiday Health Outcomes)
Lifestyle
Navigating Through The Holidays (Realistic Holiday Health Outcomes)

This isn’t your typical “Thanksgiving Survival Guide” nutrition blog that’s going to save you from…

Lifestyle
10 Ways To Kill Cravings
Nutrition
10 Ways To Kill Cravings

When you’re on a diet, one of the most annoying things you’re going to come…

Nutrition
My Diet Story. The Good, The Bad, The Ugly…
Nutrition
My Diet Story. The Good, The Bad, The Ugly…

  This may be the realist shit I’ve ever written for my blog. I know…

Nutrition
3-Phase Fat Loss Diet System
Nutrition
3-Phase Fat Loss Diet System

People often look at training program design and immediately consider periodization – because how can…

Nutrition
Contagious Inspiration
Coaching
Contagious Inspiration

Have you ever been inspired by someone? I mean like, truly moved and motivated to…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] Win The Rest of 2022, By Doing This.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Win The Rest of 2022, By Doing This.

Win The Rest of 2022, By Doing This. I think most people fail to reach…

Daily Dose
How To Create The Best Training Atmosphere
Training
How To Create The Best Training Atmosphere

When it comes to training there are so many aspects to think about, especially if…

Training
Fish Oil Supplementation 101
guides
Fish Oil Supplementation 101

Fish oil supplements are widely used for their health and wellness benefits. Fish oil is…

guides
11 Reasons You Need Fish Oil
Nutrition
11 Reasons You Need Fish Oil

Inflammation is the leading cause of chronic disease in today’s society. Thankfully, there are various…

Nutrition
47 Simple Ways To Kick Start Your Fat Loss
Nutrition
47 Simple Ways To Kick Start Your Fat Loss

1.) Go Harder – You should be training hard. “Duh Boom Boom”… Yeah, well many…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Don’t Live With “What If’s”
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Don’t Live With “What If’s”

Don’t Live With “What If’s” If you ask any person who is over the age…

Daily Dose
The Recovery Guide (What’s Worth Your Time and What’s Not)
Nutrition
The Recovery Guide (What’s Worth Your Time and What’s Not)

Sauna, ice baths, cryotherapy, steam room, massages… with so many ever increasing recovery methods it…

Nutrition
Training Under The Influence
Training
Training Under The Influence

After reading the title I’m sure your all a bit confused, why would you train…

Training
25 Reasons Low Carb Diets Suck
Nutrition
25 Reasons Low Carb Diets Suck

Low Carb Diets… I’m not a fan. Just being honest. Why? Well, let me give…

Nutrition
Stay Fit While Traveling
Lifestyle
Stay Fit While Traveling

Traveling while in the middle of working towards your fitness goals can be stressful for…

Lifestyle
Rules Of Flexible Dieting: While Traveling
Nutrition
Rules Of Flexible Dieting: While Traveling

So here it is, one of the biggest struggles for anyone attempting to lose weight,…

Nutrition
The Mind Muscle Connection: The Key To Better Awareness, Injury Prevention, and Progress
Training
The Mind Muscle Connection: The Key To Better Awareness, Injury Prevention, and Progress

When it comes to increasing muscle mass and getting stronger, there are a number of…

Training
The Definitive Guide To Thyroid Health
guides
The Definitive Guide To Thyroid Health

With the increasing popularity of the topic ‘hormones’ the thyroid gland has also received more…

guides
Are Body Fat Machines Accurate? [Truth About Body Fat Testing]
Coaching
Are Body Fat Machines Accurate? [Truth About Body Fat Testing]

That’s a question I get quite often inside of our coaching practice and rightfully so,…

Coaching
A Crash Course On Your Hormones (What You Need To Know)
guides
A Crash Course On Your Hormones (What You Need To Know)

You scroll through your Instagram and you read a post which says “Could your hormones…

guides
Pre | Intra | Post – Mastering Your Workout Nutrition
Nutrition
Pre | Intra | Post – Mastering Your Workout Nutrition

High carb vs. low carb is a seemingly endless debate on my Instagram feed, with…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Nobody is Self-Made.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Nobody is Self-Made.

Nobody is Self-Made. We’re here out in Arizona for a team retreat and wow… my…

Daily Dose
The Best Diet Plan… [Ketogenic? Intermittent Fasting? Carb Cycling?]
Nutrition
The Best Diet Plan… [Ketogenic? Intermittent Fasting? Carb Cycling?]

“So what is the best diet?” A question I’ve heard many times and if you…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The 10 Training Commandments.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 10 Training Commandments.

The 10 Training Commandments. Full transparency, I stole these from another strength coach (Ben Bruno)….

Daily Dose
How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques
Training
How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques

How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques What happens when you feel your…

Training
Fat-Loss’s Worse Enemy… Stress.
Nutrition
Fat-Loss’s Worse Enemy… Stress.

Plateaus suck. Plain and simple, they suck. You’re losing weight, getting results, and out of…

Nutrition
Nutrition For Pregnancy [Fueling Your Body Pre, During, & Post Pregnancy]
Nutrition
Nutrition For Pregnancy [Fueling Your Body Pre, During, & Post Pregnancy]

So you’re growing a human (or maybe thinking about growing a human) and therefore, you’re…

Nutrition
Cody McBroom holding a pile of books
Reverse Dieting, Body Recomposition, and How To Train While Cutting
Nutrition
Reverse Dieting, Body Recomposition, and How To Train While Cutting

Every single month, our Chief Science Officer Dr. Brandon Roberts puts together a Research Review…

Nutrition
Is Your Metabolism Damaged?
Nutrition
Is Your Metabolism Damaged?

Metabolic Damage [Refeeds, Cheat Meals, Reverse Dieting & How To Utilize Them For Results] So…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Maktub – “It Was Written”.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Maktub – “It Was Written”.

Maktub – “It Was Written”. This is an Arabic phrase that’s used throughout the book,…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel.

It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel. Maya Angelou has a famous quote,…

Daily Dose
13 Bulletproof (Yet Simple) Strategies To Maintain Progress During Vacation
Nutrition
13 Bulletproof (Yet Simple) Strategies To Maintain Progress During Vacation

Swimsuit. Sun Glasses. Print Airline Tickets. Pack Car. As you go through your vacation to-do…

Nutrition
The Hypertrophy Guide
Science
The Hypertrophy Guide

First, let’s define hypertrophy and why you may want to strive for it: hy·per·tro·phy /hīˈpərtrəfē/…

Science
The Complete Guide To Using Cluster Sets (What? Why? How?)
guides
The Complete Guide To Using Cluster Sets (What? Why? How?)

Cluster Sets are a training method that has been around for a VERY long period…

guides
5 Keys To Tracking Macros Successfully
Nutrition
5 Keys To Tracking Macros Successfully

“The Macro Diet”…. Something I hear quite often, people are asking to get on the…

Nutrition
13 Things That Make A Perfect Diet
Nutrition
13 Things That Make A Perfect Diet

There is no such thing as a “perfect diet”… Even though I did record a…

Nutrition
How Should I Split My Workouts? [Optimize Your Weekly Training Split]
Training
How Should I Split My Workouts? [Optimize Your Weekly Training Split]

This is a VERY common question we get at BBP (what’s the best workout split?),…

Training
Why Losing Weight Fast Is A Bad Idea.
Nutrition
Why Losing Weight Fast Is A Bad Idea.

  Losing weight fast is a very popular topic in the fitness and nutrition industry….

Nutrition
"Active Recovery" – Burn More Calories & Build More Muscle on Your Rest Days.
Training
"Active Recovery" – Burn More Calories & Build More Muscle on Your Rest Days.

As a reader of my blog, I can assume your goal is to look, perform,…

Training
Understanding Gut Health (How Your Gut Determines Your Health)
Nutrition
Understanding Gut Health (How Your Gut Determines Your Health)

We covered probiotics a few weeks ago, which just barely scratched the surface of gut…

Nutrition
How Sore Should You Be After A Workout?
Training
How Sore Should You Be After A Workout?

Many people question whether or not getting sore after a workout (training session) is a…

Training
Low Calorie Foods That Fill You Up
guides
Low Calorie Foods That Fill You Up

When you think about hunger, what comes to mind?  Pain in your abdomen or a…

guides
7 Things Killing Your Testosterone [AND The Solutions]
Physiology
7 Things Killing Your Testosterone [AND The Solutions]

Fill In Your Email Address Below To Receive Your FREE Downloadable Copy Of This Infographic…

Physiology
3 Reasons You NEED Mobility To Lose More Fat
Training
3 Reasons You NEED Mobility To Lose More Fat

What is Mobility?   If your goal is fat loss, you NEED to incorporate mobility…

Training
Time to Take Action!
Lifestyle
Time to Take Action!

These past few weekends I have had the opportunity to learn and hang with some…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] WTF is President’s Day…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] WTF is President’s Day…?

WTF is President’s Day…? Yesterday, one of my employees texted me asking if we had…

Daily Dose
Research Roundup (Do Weight Vest Help Fat Loss and is Betaine Worth The Hype?)
Nutrition
Research Roundup (Do Weight Vest Help Fat Loss and is Betaine Worth The Hype?)

Each month I will cover a few of the top research articles on nutrition, training,…

Nutrition
EPISODE 8: Trust The Process
Nutrition
EPISODE 8: Trust The Process

Week 7 is complete, week 8 is here and my physique show feels like it…

Nutrition
Everything You Need To Know About Carb-Cycling
guides
Everything You Need To Know About Carb-Cycling

Following a diet can be hard – psychologically, physiologically, and physically. Meaning, the diet is…

guides
Make Life Awesome
Lifestyle
Make Life Awesome

Are you doing everything in your power to be the best you possibly can be?…

Lifestyle
CLAIMING MY POWER. [Day 3 & 4, Resurrection Week]
Lifestyle
CLAIMING MY POWER. [Day 3 & 4, Resurrection Week]

  “Wow, its day 3 already… In the weirdest way, it feels like its been…

Lifestyle
Cardio… what’s right, what sucks, and implementing it yourself.
Training
Cardio… what’s right, what sucks, and implementing it yourself.

Cardio… Man, it sucks. Plain and simple. None of us like it, yet all of…

Training
5 Laws of Conditioning
Training
5 Laws of Conditioning

A lot of people get confused about or over think their cardio/conditioning. This could be…

Training
Defining Your Appreciation
Lifestyle
Defining Your Appreciation

I recently heard a story of a young man; so young he can barely drink…

Lifestyle
25 Ways To Be Awesome
Lifestyle
25 Ways To Be Awesome

Being awesome is to say the least, well its awesome. So in my opinion everyone…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Find Your Low Hanging Fruit.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Find Your Low Hanging Fruit.

Find Your Low Hanging Fruit. Want to know the easiest way to start losing fat?…

Daily Dose
Boom Boom’s Fat Loss Secrets
Lifestyle
Boom Boom’s Fat Loss Secrets

As a fitness and health professional, it is a crucial must to know everything there…

Lifestyle
Does Caffeine HELP or STOP Fat Loss?
Nutrition
Does Caffeine HELP or STOP Fat Loss?

Caffeine can help you burn fat… But wait it can mess with your adrenal glands……

Nutrition
Your Gut (The 2nd Brain) Determines Body Fat, Health, Disease and More…
Nutrition
Your Gut (The 2nd Brain) Determines Body Fat, Health, Disease and More…

The human gut, or “The Second Brain” as most are calling it – which makes…

Nutrition
How To Get 6-Pack Abs (3-Step Guide To A Shredded Core)
guides
How To Get 6-Pack Abs (3-Step Guide To A Shredded Core)

How To Get 6-Pack Abs When it comes to achieving a 6-pack… the best strategy…

guides
Top 4 Nutritional Questions, Answered
Nutrition
Top 4 Nutritional Questions, Answered

Being in the fitness industry I get a TON of questions about just about everything,…

Nutrition
Biofeedback (The Most Important Metrics You’re Not Tracking)
Nutrition
Biofeedback (The Most Important Metrics You’re Not Tracking)

“Biofeedback…? What exactly is that and why should I care about it?” Biofeedback – a…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Self Limiting Behaviors.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Self Limiting Behaviors.

Self Limiting Behaviors. Hey… You or someone you know NEEDS to read this. So please,…

Daily Dose
Top Strategies For Mastering Your Meal Prep
Nutrition
Top Strategies For Mastering Your Meal Prep

When counting macros, consistency is the name of the game! I’m sure you’ve heard nutrition…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The 10 Nutrition Commandments.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 10 Nutrition Commandments.

The 10 Nutrition Commandments. Like I told you on yesterday… I’m bringing you the 10…

Daily Dose
37 Power Foods For Men
Nutrition
37 Power Foods For Men

THIS IS NOT CLICKBATE! These are REAL foods that men THRIVE off of. I had…

Nutrition
Food Wars!
Nutrition
Food Wars!

Today I am going to start a battle of food! Hopefully I can answer many…

Nutrition
Functional Upper Body Training Session [Full Workout Explained]
Training
Functional Upper Body Training Session [Full Workout Explained]

Watch the video below to get access to an exclusive functional hypertrophy training program [for…

Training
7 Reasons Your Diet Is Failing
Nutrition
7 Reasons Your Diet Is Failing

I got some unfortunate news for you today…. Every single diet you’ve ever tried, thought…

Nutrition
Science Behind Fat Cells & Ibuprofens Effect on Hypertrophy (Research Roundup)
Nutrition
Science Behind Fat Cells & Ibuprofens Effect on Hypertrophy (Research Roundup)

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
Recovery 101 (Discover What Actually Determines Your Results)
Nutrition
Recovery 101 (Discover What Actually Determines Your Results)

I actually couldn’t believe the result when this study came out… But when I really…

Nutrition
How To Make Your Own Pre-Workout (Science-Based Formula)
Science
How To Make Your Own Pre-Workout (Science-Based Formula)

Pre-workouts are a dime a dozen. If you use your favorite search engine you’ll soon…

Science
Artificial Sweeteners: Good or Bad? Diet Help or Danger?
Nutrition
Artificial Sweeteners: Good or Bad? Diet Help or Danger?

Artificial sweeteners were created to make food taste better without adding calories. Some of the…

Nutrition
Heat/Cold Therapy To Reduce DOMS and Improve Recovery + Health Benefits Of Fasting – March Research Review
Nutrition
Heat/Cold Therapy To Reduce DOMS and Improve Recovery + Health Benefits Of Fasting – March Research Review

*Note from Brandon: if you want to learn how to interpret research go read each…

Nutrition
High Carb Diets Work Better For Fat Loss Than Low Carb Diets
Nutrition
High Carb Diets Work Better For Fat Loss Than Low Carb Diets

What if I Told You That Science Says Low Carb Diets Suck…? ….for fat loss…

Nutrition
Research Round Up (Refeeds, BCAA’s, and Energy Expenditure)
Nutrition
Research Round Up (Refeeds, BCAA’s, and Energy Expenditure)

Each month I will cover a few of the top research articles on nutrition, training,…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Progress is made at the speed of trust.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Progress is made at the speed of trust.

Progress is made at the speed of trust. This one BLEW OUR MINDS this week….

Daily Dose
Does Training To Failure Maximize Strength and Hypertrophy? [Research Review]
Training
Does Training To Failure Maximize Strength and Hypertrophy? [Research Review]

Research Review #10 Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS*D Chief Science Officer *Note from Brandon: if you…

Training
How To Individualize Your Nutrition Plan (8 Ways To Tailor Your Diet)
Nutrition
How To Individualize Your Nutrition Plan (8 Ways To Tailor Your Diet)

To Individualize what you do, is not only the most optimal way to see results;…

Nutrition
Concurrent Training: A Practical Guide, Backed By Science
guides
Concurrent Training: A Practical Guide, Backed By Science

Introduction: What is Concurrent Training? Concurrent training consists of combining aerobic/anaerobic training (e.g., long distance…

guides
The Simplicity Of Success
Nutrition
The Simplicity Of Success

I’m a trainer at a gym (the best gym in state… just sayin’), I am…

Nutrition
[VIDEO] Individualizing Your Calorie Intake
Nutrition
[VIDEO] Individualizing Your Calorie Intake

The key to actually seeing success from a nutrition plan or diet protocol, is individualizing…

Nutrition
EPISODE 10: Monster Mentality
Nutrition
EPISODE 10: Monster Mentality

Week 10 is here and for lack of better words… Shit just got real! Actually,…

Nutrition
Training in a Hotel or Apartment Gym (VLOG – Complete Workout, Coached Through)
Training
Training in a Hotel or Apartment Gym (VLOG – Complete Workout, Coached Through)

This Workout Program (Below) 1.) Ankle, Hip and Thoracic Mobility – 5-10 Min 2a.) DB…

Training
[Daily Dose] You should love how you look!
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] You should love how you look!

You should love how you look! I saw a picture that was taken of me…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Use Doubt As Fuel, Not Hydroxide.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Use Doubt As Fuel, Not Hydroxide.

Use Doubt As Fuel, Not Hydroxide. Do you know what hydroxide can do to your…

Daily Dose
The Definitive Guide to Getting Lean After Your Freshman 15
Nutrition
The Definitive Guide to Getting Lean After Your Freshman 15

As many of you probably know, the “Freshman 15” is very real. In fact, the…

Nutrition
Two-A-Day Training: Is More Better? Or Destructive?
Training
Two-A-Day Training: Is More Better? Or Destructive?

Training twice per day, also known as two-a-days, stems from the idea that more is…

Training
Are You Progressing? [FREE GUIDE: Key Strategies To Progressing Your Training For Results]
Training
Are You Progressing? [FREE GUIDE: Key Strategies To Progressing Your Training For Results]

Anyone who is into bodybuilding, or even just training for specific goals and results, knows…

Training
Maximizing Your Performance During The CrossFit Open
Nutrition
Maximizing Your Performance During The CrossFit Open

Five weeks of serious CrossFit action coming at us as we’re only a month away…

Nutrition
LEAVE A LEGACY, LIVE FOREVER.
Coaching
LEAVE A LEGACY, LIVE FOREVER.

It’s tough for us to say, but we will all someday be dead. Finished. Non-existent….

Coaching
The Beginner’s Guide Series [ALL VIDEOS]
Nutrition
The Beginner’s Guide Series [ALL VIDEOS]

My goal with this blog, is to bring all of “The Beginner’s Guide” videos to…

Nutrition
Relationship Status : "Dieting"
Nutrition
Relationship Status : "Dieting"

Today is not about a strategy to lose more weight, a new theory on building…

Nutrition
Intermittent Fasting and Time Restricted Feeding [Magic or Myth?]
Nutrition
Intermittent Fasting and Time Restricted Feeding [Magic or Myth?]

Raise your hand if you’ve ever had someone tell you how amazing Intermittent Fasting is? …

Nutrition
38 Tips To Burn MORE Fat
Nutrition
38 Tips To Burn MORE Fat

The second I finished my “46 Tips to Build More Muscle” blog, I knew I…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Become Your Own Stoic.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Become Your Own Stoic.

Become Your Own Stoic. You ever wonder how stoics and the old famous philosophers became…

Daily Dose
4 Unique Diet Hacks To Break Your Plateau
Nutrition
4 Unique Diet Hacks To Break Your Plateau

If you’ve been reading my work for a while, you’ll have realized by now that…

Nutrition
5 Things I Wish I Knew When Starting My Weightloss Journey
Lifestyle
5 Things I Wish I Knew When Starting My Weightloss Journey

Many people don’t know this, but I was once a fat kid, or as my…

Lifestyle
[VIDEO BLOG] The Smartest Approach To Program Design
Training
[VIDEO BLOG] The Smartest Approach To Program Design

Training program design, is a pretty big deal. I mean… it’s LITERALLY the thing that…

Training
[Daily Dose] You deserve MORE.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] You deserve MORE.

You deserve MORE. I’m going to keep this short and to the point. Whatever you’re…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Your Circle Determines Your Growth
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Your Circle Determines Your Growth

Your Circle Determines Your Growth If you’re a hip-hop fan, you probably know of Nipsey…

Daily Dose
Successful Intuitive Eating (9 Step System)
Nutrition
Successful Intuitive Eating (9 Step System)

What to eat, how much to eat, timing what you eat, and then actually seeing…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] “SHUT UP, WEAK-BRAIN! // Speak up, strong-brain!”
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] “SHUT UP, WEAK-BRAIN! // Speak up, strong-brain!”

“SHUT UP, WEAK-BRAIN! // Speak up, strong-brain!” I committed to a handful of habits for…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Gardener.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Gardener.

The Gardener. What does a gardener and a champion have in common? A Prolific Sense…

Daily Dose
Diet Hopping (How "Chasing The Shiny Red Ball" Is Holding You Back….)
Nutrition
Diet Hopping (How "Chasing The Shiny Red Ball" Is Holding You Back….)

Quit Chasing The Shiny Red Ball Do you bounce from diet to diet? Or try…

Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] Strength Training For Fat Loss
Training
[VIDEO BLOG] Strength Training For Fat Loss

When it comes to fat loss… you shouldn’t “Train for Fat Loss”… You should “Train…

Training
Train Like an Athlete
Training
Train Like an Athlete

For many reasons, everybody should aim to train like an athlete. First of all would…

Training
EPISODE 2: Determination Leads to Success
Lifestyle
EPISODE 2: Determination Leads to Success

Week 1 is complete! And DAMN…. That was a long week! But the best feeling…

Lifestyle
How Low Can You Take Your Calories?
Nutrition
How Low Can You Take Your Calories?

People want to lose weight as fast as possible, but at some point it becomes…

Nutrition
8 Ways To Handle Your Diet On Christmas
Nutrition
8 Ways To Handle Your Diet On Christmas

1.) Don’t Stress, Have Fun! Might seem weird that the first tip for not ruining…

Nutrition
"The Handful Diet" – Infographic, Meal Prep Template
Nutrition
"The Handful Diet" – Infographic, Meal Prep Template

For a printable version,that you can use at home or on the go to stay…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The 80/10/10 Rule.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 80/10/10 Rule.

The 80/10/10 Rule. This is a training principle that I teach many of my clients,…

Daily Dose
Intermittent Fasting
Nutrition
Intermittent Fasting

  Intermittent fasting has been expanding in popularity right now more than ever and tons…

Nutrition
[PODCAST INTERVIEW] OPEX Fitness: Cody "Boom Boom" McBroom
Coaching
[PODCAST INTERVIEW] OPEX Fitness: Cody "Boom Boom" McBroom

I was recently interviewed on The OPEX Fitness Podcast [OPEX: Fitness Explained] and it was…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] The Greats and YOU… Are the same.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Greats and YOU… Are the same.

The Greats and YOU… Are the same. Here’s some crazy facts for you, to show…

Daily Dose
Yoga For Meatheads (Should Weightlifters Do Yoga?)
Training
Yoga For Meatheads (Should Weightlifters Do Yoga?)

Many guys (and even gals) who are into strength training switch off when they hear…

Training
Your Guide To Better Sleep [Why you Need it & How to Optimize it]
guides
Your Guide To Better Sleep [Why you Need it & How to Optimize it]

Proper, healthy sleep is critical in our body’s ability to recover from the daily challenges…

guides
The 5 Most Common Things Keeping You Fat
Nutrition
The 5 Most Common Things Keeping You Fat

Stop constantly doing these things and your body will drastically change for the better. The…

Nutrition
Dad Bod Epidemic (10 Steps To Avoiding The Dad Bod)
Nutrition
Dad Bod Epidemic (10 Steps To Avoiding The Dad Bod)

Fatherhood…. WOW IT’S APPROACHING FAST!! Within a week, I will be having my baby. Which…

Nutrition
12 Reasons Strength Training Trumps Cardio
Training
12 Reasons Strength Training Trumps Cardio

90% of people who come to me expect that they’ll need to do a bunch…

Training
A Simple Guide To Women’s Health (FAQ)
Nutrition
A Simple Guide To Women’s Health (FAQ)

When it comes to writing nutrition plans, we at TCM believe that everyone deserves an…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Redirect Your Impatience.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Redirect Your Impatience.

Redirect Your Impatience. My daughter is about to turn 4 next month and she has…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Your Time is Worth More Than Money.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Your Time is Worth More Than Money.

Your Time is Worth More Than Money. I’m the type of person who values his…

Daily Dose
"Selfish" or "Self-Interested"
Nutrition
"Selfish" or "Self-Interested"

Are you Selfish? Or Self-Interested…? Have you ever felt selfish for trying to start something…

Nutrition
"Fat-Burning Foods" [ Truth or Myth? ]
Nutrition
"Fat-Burning Foods" [ Truth or Myth? ]

Do you ever read media titles that say things like, “Eat Salmon to burn MORE…

Nutrition
Periodizing Your Nutrition (The Key To Results That Last)
Nutrition
Periodizing Your Nutrition (The Key To Results That Last)

Ok, first of all… “What the hell is periodization?” – Glad you asked: Periodization –…

Nutrition
The 10 Training Commandments
Training
The 10 Training Commandments

  After the popularity of my article, “The 10 Diet Commandments”, I decided to bring…

Training
[Daily Dose] The Intention-Behavior Gap.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Intention-Behavior Gap.

The Intention-Behavior Gap. This is crazy, but did you know that less than 50% of…

Daily Dose
HIIT vs. LISS: What Cardio Strategy Burns More Fat?
Fat Loss
HIIT vs. LISS: What Cardio Strategy Burns More Fat?

HIIT vs. LISS: Which Works Best and When To Use Them Introduction A common question…

Fat Loss
Second podcast
Coaching
Second podcast
Coaching
Discovering True Human Optimization [Harsh Reality]
Nutrition
Discovering True Human Optimization [Harsh Reality]

Human Optimization is a word that’s thrown around a lot today. Some say it’s being…

Nutrition
Mini Cuts… Secret To Fast Tracking Your Results? Or All Hype?
Nutrition
Mini Cuts… Secret To Fast Tracking Your Results? Or All Hype?

Can you seriously lose 8-10lbs in 6-8 weeks, without destroying your hormones and binge eating…

Nutrition
Metabolic Adaptation and Concurrent Training [October Research Round Up]
Nutrition
Metabolic Adaptation and Concurrent Training [October Research Round Up]

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] 90% of your results boil down to this.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] 90% of your results boil down to this.

90% of your results boil down to this. I posted on instagram that 90% of…

Daily Dose
Finding Clarity & Presence [Day 2 Resurrection Week]
Lifestyle
Finding Clarity & Presence [Day 2 Resurrection Week]

The second day of the most eye opening week of my life has arrived and…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action

People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action Nothing is going to slow you down more…

Daily Dose
EPISODE 7: Be Accountable, Become Successful
Nutrition
EPISODE 7: Be Accountable, Become Successful

Damn, it’s already week 7… I don’t mean “Damn” like it’s ONLY week 7, but…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress

Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress If you don’t know what copywriting is, it’s the…

Daily Dose
THE GREAT SUGAR DEBATE : Is Sugar Safe? Will it Ruin Results? What is Proven?
Nutrition
THE GREAT SUGAR DEBATE : Is Sugar Safe? Will it Ruin Results? What is Proven?

Sugar has been scaring us for decades, from the claims of it impacting and being…

Nutrition
6 Vitamins That Actually Get You Jacked (That You Can Find At Any Grocery Store)
Nutrition
6 Vitamins That Actually Get You Jacked (That You Can Find At Any Grocery Store)

The reason I’m writing this is simple… I kind of hate the supplement industry, to…

Nutrition
[FREE NUTRITION COURSE] Learning How To Eat For Results, The Right Way.
Nutrition
[FREE NUTRITION COURSE] Learning How To Eat For Results, The Right Way.

Macro’s, Calories, “Clean Eating”, Food Tracking Software, Going Keto, Intermittent Fasting, Paleo… The fitness nutrition…

Nutrition
Practical Experiences and Applications Of Intermittent Fasting
Nutrition
Practical Experiences and Applications Of Intermittent Fasting

Intermittent fasting, time restricted eating, carb fasts, water fasts, 24 hour fasts, multi-day fasts… There…

Nutrition
Better Gut, Better Abs.
Nutrition
Better Gut, Better Abs.

  Do the things I’m going to share with you in this article today, and…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat.

Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat. I’m going to keep this short and sweet today. There is…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Every detail matters.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Every detail matters.

Every detail matters. I’m writing you from my hotel room, here in St. Louis, while…

Daily Dose
What I’ve Learned From Setting Targets Too Big
Lifestyle
What I’ve Learned From Setting Targets Too Big

Things that take hard work, scare you quite a bit, push you further and harder…

Lifestyle
What Does Your Body Store As Fat Easiest? Carbs vs. Fats
Nutrition
What Does Your Body Store As Fat Easiest? Carbs vs. Fats

Is it harder for the body to store carbs as fat, than it is to…

Nutrition
Cortisol – The Double Edged Sword of Fat Loss and Muscle Growth
Physiology
Cortisol – The Double Edged Sword of Fat Loss and Muscle Growth

Cortisol… one of the most feared hormones, also one of the most misunderstood. It’s also…

Physiology
The "Handful" Diet
Nutrition
The "Handful" Diet

What you will find here today is, in my opinion, the easiest possible diet to…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] ACTION → RESULTS → MOTIVATION
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] ACTION → RESULTS → MOTIVATION

ACTION → RESULTS → MOTIVATION Want to know how to unlock unlimited motivation…? Take action…

Daily Dose
Old Geezer Metabolic Syndrome
Nutrition
Old Geezer Metabolic Syndrome

“So, it’s happening to you too? Your metabolism keeps slowing down each and every birthday?” …

Nutrition
Fit over 40
Lifestyle
Fit over 40

One thing I always hear in the gym that irritates the hell out of me…

Lifestyle
Take Advantage of Our Personal Trainer App with These 13 Tips
Training
Take Advantage of Our Personal Trainer App with These 13 Tips

When someone, i.e. you, wants to decrease their body fat, increase their strength or muscle…

Training
January Research Review: Measuring Training Performance With A Mask (COVID) and RPE/RIR’s Effectiveness
Science
January Research Review: Measuring Training Performance With A Mask (COVID) and RPE/RIR’s Effectiveness

Research Review #8 Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS Chief Science Officer Study #1  Title: Wearing of…

Science
Your “Part by Part” Guide To More Muscle, Less Fat.
Training
Your “Part by Part” Guide To More Muscle, Less Fat.

First and foremost, let’s talk about whom this article is for. Plain and simple, this…

Training
EPISODE 4: Create Habits, Achieve Results
Lifestyle
EPISODE 4: Create Habits, Achieve Results

Week 4 has begun! That means I got through the first quarter of the game,…

Lifestyle
The Pursuit Of Happiness: 5 Steps to a Happier Lifestyle
Lifestyle
The Pursuit Of Happiness: 5 Steps to a Happier Lifestyle

Sometimes the most important thing in life is to simply just be a good person……

Lifestyle
[VIDEO BLOG] In Defense Of Rigid Meal Plans…
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] In Defense Of Rigid Meal Plans…

Rigid Meal Plans… you know, eating 6 meal s a day out of plastic containers…

Nutrition
2014, Your Year For Growth
Lifestyle
2014, Your Year For Growth

The New Year is upon us, which means its resolutions time. Many people think it’s…

Lifestyle
Why I Love Weight Watchers…
Nutrition
Why I Love Weight Watchers…

Yes, I love weight watchers. And no, this is not a joke. What most people…

Nutrition
The Ultimate Evidence Based Supplement Guide
guides
The Ultimate Evidence Based Supplement Guide

The supplement industry is MASSIVE. In fact, it’s currently a 36.6 Billion Dollar Industry. Crazy,…

guides
7 Not-So-Obvious Ways To Break Plateaus
Nutrition
7 Not-So-Obvious Ways To Break Plateaus

Plateaus suck. We’ve all been through them, some of us break through and others don’t….

Nutrition
46 Tips To Build More Muscle
Nutrition
46 Tips To Build More Muscle

1.) Start Explosive. Doing something explosive at the beginning of your workout will fire the…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] What If You Couldn’t Fail…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] What If You Couldn’t Fail…?

What If You Couldn’t Fail…? I was asked this question recently and it literally stopped…

Daily Dose