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The Repeated Bout Effect (Is Muscle Damage A Good Thing…?)

June 29, 2021
Written by Brandon Roberts

6 Min Read

Key takeaways

1

The repeated bout effect (RBE) occurs when a single bout of unfamiliar eccentrically based exercise gives protection against muscle damage from a subsequent session of similar activity.

2

We know muscle damage occurs because of a few indicators: delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), reduced range of motion (ROM), increased creatine kinase (CK) in the blood, myofibrillar disruption in the extracellular matrix, and decreased muscle strength.

3

Our muscles have an intrinsic protective mechanism that reacts to exercise-induced damage using an adaptive response that endows resistance to subsequent exercise-induced damage stimuli.

What is the repeated bout effect?

The repeated bout effect (RBE) occurs when a single bout of unfamiliar eccentrically based exercise gives protection against muscle damage from a subsequent session of similar activity. A good example is when you squat for the first time. Squatting has a large eccentric movement that causes muscle damage. The next time you squat you’ll be less sore and have less muscle damage. 

Is Muscle Damage Important?

We know muscle damage occurs because of a few indicators: delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), reduced range of motion (ROM), increased creatine kinase (CK) in the blood, myofibrillar disruption in the extracellular matrix, and decreased muscle strength. These indicators recover fairly quickly (2-14 days) depending on your experience level and how much training volume you completed during the workout. The indicators recover faster after the first time you ever do an exercise and that is the whole idea behind the RBE. 

The RBE has been studied since the 1980s. It can occur after all types of exercise, including marathon running and traditional strength training. The exact mechanisms are still not clear, but there are three main components:

  1. Metabolic events from training cause hypoxia and ischemia that result in waste accumulation and inflammation at the cellular level. 
  2. Cytoskeletal or membrane proteins are disrupted by mechanical tension.
  3. Neuromuscular adaptations occur via motor units.

In 2003, McHugh concluded that these three adaptations (neural, mechanical, and cellular) might complement each other or operate independently, and that a unified theory to explain the RBE remains elusive. A decade later, it seems most likely that these three adaptations work together to coordinate the RBE. However, they also may work independently. Honestly, we haven’t really learned a whole lot in the past 20 years, so more research is needed to better understand the underlying mechanisms. 

Specific Muscle Activation, Exhaustion, and Damage

The RBE is specific to the muscle exercised, with studies showing there is no cross-transfer to contralateral muscle groups. This means that if you exercise one leg or arm it won’t help the opposite limb adapt to the movement. We don’t see many people trying to do that anyway, so cross-transfer is more of a scientific novelty than an application of RBE. On a more interesting note, different exercise variations do provide a RBE. In one study, 100 maximal eccentric leg extensions provided protection from a subsequent bout of downhill running.

More recent (and applicable) research agrees, with Zourdos et al., finding that incline curls caused a protective effect during subsequent preacher curls compared to repeating incline curls, meaning RBE was not exercise specific. From a practical standpoint, this means that you can switch exercise variations without having to worry about being sore or causing as much muscle damage in similar exercises. 

How Long Does Muscle Damage Last (RBE Duration)

Several studies have helped us figure out that RBE lasts for a long time. One study reported participants had less DOMS and CK when a repeated bout of downhill running was done six weeks after the first bout. Going out even longer, another study reported that RBE lasts at least 6 months but is lost between 9 and 12 months.

This may seem counterintuitive because if you take a break from exercising for a month you often get sore when restarting. The thing to remember is that it will never be as bad as the first time you exercised, which is the idea behind RBE. Ultimately, our muscles have an intrinsic protective mechanism that reacts to exercise-induced damage using an adaptive response that endows resistance to subsequent exercise-induced damage stimuli.

Conclusion:

To sum it up and give some practical application: RBE occurs after the first time you exercise a muscle and helps you adapt to DOMS, reduced ROM, muscle damage, and reduced performance. RBE lasts around 6 months and transfers between exercises so you don’t have to worry that switching your programming will cause you to restart RBE.

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Written by
Brandon Roberts

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The Recovery Guide (What’s Worth Your Time and What’s Not)
Nutrition
The Recovery Guide (What’s Worth Your Time and What’s Not)

Sauna, ice baths, cryotherapy, steam room, massages… with so many ever increasing recovery methods it…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The Pursuit of Fulfillment
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Pursuit of Fulfillment

The Pursuit of Fulfillment Someone asked me on my IG story Q&A the other day,…

Daily Dose
Should YOU Be Eating Dairy? Does It Ruin Your Progress?
Nutrition
Should YOU Be Eating Dairy? Does It Ruin Your Progress?

Dairy, Dairy, Dairy…. I always hear so damn much talk and questions about it and…

Nutrition
Does Training To Failure Maximize Strength and Hypertrophy? [Research Review]
Training
Does Training To Failure Maximize Strength and Hypertrophy? [Research Review]

Research Review #10 Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS*D Chief Science Officer *Note from Brandon: if you…

Training
Functional Upper Body Training Session [Full Workout Explained]
Training
Functional Upper Body Training Session [Full Workout Explained]

Watch the video below to get access to an exclusive functional hypertrophy training program [for…

Training
7 Most Frequently Asked Nutrition Questions
Nutrition
7 Most Frequently Asked Nutrition Questions

# 1 – I’m Ready To Get Fit! But Where Do I Start…? Most people…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] What If You Couldn’t Fail…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] What If You Couldn’t Fail…?

What If You Couldn’t Fail…? I was asked this question recently and it literally stopped…

Daily Dose
3 Exercises That Should NEVER Leave Your Program
Training
3 Exercises That Should NEVER Leave Your Program

There is no “Best Exercise”, just like there is no “Best Diet”. That’s just the…

Training
How Your Intensity Determines Your Results
Training
How Your Intensity Determines Your Results

Intensity… It’s a sexy word in the fitness world. It makes us feel like we’re…

Training
[Daily Dose] FULFILLMENT > satisfaction
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] FULFILLMENT > satisfaction

FULFILLMENT > satisfaction Something I’ve always struggled with is not being satisfied with anything… I…

Daily Dose
How To Properly Warm Up, For Strength Training
Training
How To Properly Warm Up, For Strength Training

Warming up for a strength training session is often a boring, yet unbelievably critical, task…

Training
The 5 Metrics You MUST Be Measuring
Coaching
The 5 Metrics You MUST Be Measuring

Have you ever heard the saying, “what gets measured gets improved?” Progress can be measured…

Coaching
A Day in The ‘Not So Average’ Life of Boom-Boom : Vlog Ep.1
Lifestyle
A Day in The ‘Not So Average’ Life of Boom-Boom : Vlog Ep.1

Tune in to what a Day in My Life looks like… We go from my…

Lifestyle
Why Fad Diet’s Work… At First.
Nutrition
Why Fad Diet’s Work… At First.

Fad diets do work, at first. And then the results slowly taper off until they…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU.

The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU. There’s so many of us who want…

Daily Dose
Top 7 Nutrition Mistakes CrossFit Athletes Make
Nutrition
Top 7 Nutrition Mistakes CrossFit Athletes Make

CrossFit is an incredibly demanding sport and taxing on the body. A combination of pure…

Nutrition
The 5 Most Common Things Keeping You Fat
Nutrition
The 5 Most Common Things Keeping You Fat

Stop constantly doing these things and your body will drastically change for the better. The…

Nutrition
What is the easiest diet to stay on?
Nutrition
What is the easiest diet to stay on?

Over 15-million google searches tells us that this is one of the most commonly asked…

Nutrition
Biofeedback (The Most Important Metrics You’re Not Tracking)
Nutrition
Biofeedback (The Most Important Metrics You’re Not Tracking)

“Biofeedback…? What exactly is that and why should I care about it?” Biofeedback – a…

Nutrition
The 10 Rituals For Better Living
Lifestyle
The 10 Rituals For Better Living

If you follow my blog pretty consistently, you’ve probably been noticing that I have been…

Lifestyle
The Truth About Calorie Calculators
Nutrition
The Truth About Calorie Calculators

The truth about calculating calories is frustrating, sadly. But as sad as it may be,…

Nutrition
High Carb vs. Low Carb… Which one is better?
Nutrition
High Carb vs. Low Carb… Which one is better?

Seems that in today’s society, specifically the dieting world, you need to be in part…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Your efforts need to match your goals.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Your efforts need to match your goals.

Your efforts need to match your goals. I attended a webinar recently and the speaker…

Daily Dose
What To Do After The CrossFit Open
Coaching
What To Do After The CrossFit Open

We’ve talked about periodization a few times prior to this post on the BBP blog,…

Coaching
Artificial Sweeteners: Good or Bad? Diet Help or Danger?
Nutrition
Artificial Sweeteners: Good or Bad? Diet Help or Danger?

Artificial sweeteners were created to make food taste better without adding calories. Some of the…

Nutrition
Heat/Cold Therapy To Reduce DOMS and Improve Recovery + Health Benefits Of Fasting – March Research Review
Nutrition
Heat/Cold Therapy To Reduce DOMS and Improve Recovery + Health Benefits Of Fasting – March Research Review

*Note from Brandon: if you want to learn how to interpret research go read each…

Nutrition
Are Body Fat Machines Accurate? [Truth About Body Fat Testing]
Coaching
Are Body Fat Machines Accurate? [Truth About Body Fat Testing]

That’s a question I get quite often inside of our coaching practice and rightfully so,…

Coaching
Consistency
Lifestyle
Consistency

You’ve tried everything in the book, twice, and you still haven’t reached the fitness goal…

Lifestyle
Does Periodization Matter For Hypertrophy Training?
Science
Does Periodization Matter For Hypertrophy Training?

What is Training Periodization? Periodization is the manipulation of training variables over time to reach…

Science
[Daily Dose] Crucial conversations.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Crucial conversations.

Crucial conversations. This is the title of a book (i.e. Crucial Conversations) that I’ve read…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Every detail matters.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Every detail matters.

Every detail matters. I’m writing you from my hotel room, here in St. Louis, while…

Daily Dose
Dad Bod Epidemic (10 Steps To Avoiding The Dad Bod)
Nutrition
Dad Bod Epidemic (10 Steps To Avoiding The Dad Bod)

Fatherhood…. WOW IT’S APPROACHING FAST!! Within a week, I will be having my baby. Which…

Nutrition
Two-A-Day Training: Is More Better? Or Destructive?
Training
Two-A-Day Training: Is More Better? Or Destructive?

Training twice per day, also known as two-a-days, stems from the idea that more is…

Training
[Daily Dose] Success is how you SEE it.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Success is how you SEE it.

Success is how you SEE it. 90% of the results you see are pre-determined based…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Greats and YOU… Are the same.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Greats and YOU… Are the same.

The Greats and YOU… Are the same. Here’s some crazy facts for you, to show…

Daily Dose
Intermittent Fasting
Nutrition
Intermittent Fasting

  Intermittent fasting has been expanding in popularity right now more than ever and tons…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Why I’m not losing any weight…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Why I’m not losing any weight…

Why I’m not losing any weight… This is me being totally transparent… And my nutrition…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 10 Training Commandments.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 10 Training Commandments.

The 10 Training Commandments. Full transparency, I stole these from another strength coach (Ben Bruno)….

Daily Dose
3 Steps To Building A Better Butt
Training
3 Steps To Building A Better Butt

When I decided to write this article, my first thought was actually just being surprised…

Training
Food Wars!
Nutrition
Food Wars!

Today I am going to start a battle of food! Hopefully I can answer many…

Nutrition
LEAVE A LEGACY, LIVE FOREVER.
Coaching
LEAVE A LEGACY, LIVE FOREVER.

It’s tough for us to say, but we will all someday be dead. Finished. Non-existent….

Coaching
3-Phase Fat Loss Diet System
Nutrition
3-Phase Fat Loss Diet System

People often look at training program design and immediately consider periodization – because how can…

Nutrition
Entrepreneur’s NEED To Take Their Health Seriously, More Than Most.
Lifestyle
Entrepreneur’s NEED To Take Their Health Seriously, More Than Most.

If you’re a business owner, entrepreneur of any kind, intrepreneur on a serious grind for…

Lifestyle
A Crash Course On Your Hormones (What You Need To Know)
Physiology
A Crash Course On Your Hormones (What You Need To Know)

You scroll through your Instagram and you read a post which says “Could your hormones…

Physiology
[Daily Dose] But what if you gain the weight back…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] But what if you gain the weight back…?

But what if you gain the weight back…? This is a VERY common question we…

Daily Dose
Understanding Your Neurotype (Personality Testing For Individualized Results)
Coaching
Understanding Your Neurotype (Personality Testing For Individualized Results)

Your “Neurotype” is a way to learn what your personality type is and how you…

Coaching
Cardio 101 (8 Proven Methods To Upgrade Your Conditioning)
Training
Cardio 101 (8 Proven Methods To Upgrade Your Conditioning)

Cardio is something that most of us avoid, some of us hate, and very few…

Training
Navigating Through The Holidays (Realistic Holiday Health Outcomes)
Lifestyle
Navigating Through The Holidays (Realistic Holiday Health Outcomes)

This isn’t your typical “Thanksgiving Survival Guide” nutrition blog that’s going to save you from…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] What is Body Positivity, Really…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] What is Body Positivity, Really…?

What is Body Positivity, Really…? Body positivity… This is an interesting topic. It’s actually a…

Daily Dose
Intermittent Fasting and Time Restricted Feeding [Magic or Myth?]
Nutrition
Intermittent Fasting and Time Restricted Feeding [Magic or Myth?]

Raise your hand if you’ve ever had someone tell you how amazing Intermittent Fasting is? …

Nutrition
The 10 Diet Commandments
Nutrition
The 10 Diet Commandments

  In honor of the one of the greatest hip-hop artists to ever touch the…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] ACTION > motivation
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] ACTION > motivation

ACTION > motivation Pablo Picasso has by far one of the best quotes of all…

Daily Dose
Nutrition For Endurance Athletes (An Evidence Based Approach)
Nutrition
Nutrition For Endurance Athletes (An Evidence Based Approach)

“Some races are lost with a 0.05% difference, sometimes less. In a lot of sports,…

Nutrition
Discovering True Human Optimization [Harsh Reality]
Nutrition
Discovering True Human Optimization [Harsh Reality]

Human Optimization is a word that’s thrown around a lot today. Some say it’s being…

Nutrition
Never Give Up
Lifestyle
Never Give Up

Sometimes waiting to reach our goal can feel like an eternity, especially when that goal…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] If people hate, it means you’re winning.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] If people hate, it means you’re winning.

If people hate, it means you’re winning. When I say hate, I don’t just mean…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS.

It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS. Have you ever noticed that the strategies, methods,…

Daily Dose
Boom Boom’s Fat Loss Secrets
Lifestyle
Boom Boom’s Fat Loss Secrets

As a fitness and health professional, it is a crucial must to know everything there…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Don’t Avoid Difficulty, Accept It.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Don’t Avoid Difficulty, Accept It.

Don’t avoid difficulty, accept it. I just started my diet a couple days ago, to…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat.

Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat. I’m going to keep this short and sweet today. There is…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Why you hate Monday.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Why you hate Monday.

Why you hate Monday. Hating Monday is a sign that you have a lack of…

Daily Dose
How To Track Macros When Eating At Restaurants
Nutrition
How To Track Macros When Eating At Restaurants

How To Track Macros When Eating At Restaurants In this article, I’m going to show…

Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] In Defense Of Rigid Meal Plans…
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] In Defense Of Rigid Meal Plans…

Rigid Meal Plans… you know, eating 6 meal s a day out of plastic containers…

Nutrition
Science Behind Fat Cells & Ibuprofens Effect on Hypertrophy (Research Roundup)
Nutrition
Science Behind Fat Cells & Ibuprofens Effect on Hypertrophy (Research Roundup)

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
EPISODE 12: Pancakes, Abs & Chasing Unicorns
Nutrition
EPISODE 12: Pancakes, Abs & Chasing Unicorns

LESS THAN 2 WEEKS OUT!!!! Wow…. I think it finally hit me that I will…

Nutrition
Get Shredded for Summer! [Free Diet Plan]
Nutrition
Get Shredded for Summer! [Free Diet Plan]

  What is the best fat loss diet plan? I always get that question and…

Nutrition
A Day in The Not So Average Life – VLOG Ep.2
Lifestyle
A Day in The Not So Average Life – VLOG Ep.2

For a chance to start your 30 day transformation, visit the links below! The 30…

Lifestyle
6 Easy Changes To Kick Start Your Fitness Journey
Lifestyle
6 Easy Changes To Kick Start Your Fitness Journey

So you want to start exercising and eating “clean,” but where do you start? There…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] WTF is President’s Day…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] WTF is President’s Day…?

WTF is President’s Day…? Yesterday, one of my employees texted me asking if we had…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] 90% of your results boil down to this.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] 90% of your results boil down to this.

90% of your results boil down to this. I posted on instagram that 90% of…

Daily Dose
The 10 Training Commandments
Training
The 10 Training Commandments

  After the popularity of my article, “The 10 Diet Commandments”, I decided to bring…

Training
The Hero’s Journey To Total Transformation
Nutrition
The Hero’s Journey To Total Transformation

If you’re a movie geek like me, you know exactly what the hero’s journey truly is….

Nutrition
7 Healthy Christmas Recipes – To Keep You On Track This Holiday!
Nutrition
7 Healthy Christmas Recipes – To Keep You On Track This Holiday!

It’s that time of year again, the Christmas spirit and cheer is here and along…

Nutrition
Is Flexible Dieting Good For Weight Loss? IIFYM vs. Meal Plans
Nutrition
Is Flexible Dieting Good For Weight Loss? IIFYM vs. Meal Plans

Is Flexible or Rigid Dieting Better For Weight Loss? People who use a flexible diet…

Nutrition
Steps to Success
Lifestyle
Steps to Success

Most people do not truly understand what it takes to become successful, I’m yet to…

Lifestyle
"Rich is not What you have, it’s Who you have beside you."
Lifestyle
"Rich is not What you have, it’s Who you have beside you."

Sometimes horrible things, like nightmares, can be a blessing in disguise. I had a nightmare;…

Lifestyle
Sleep = Results
Lifestyle
Sleep = Results

For as long as man has been around people have always said how important sleep…

Lifestyle
Nutrition Periodization (The Revised and Simplified Guide)
Nutrition
Nutrition Periodization (The Revised and Simplified Guide)

Nutrition periodization is something that I’ve been passionate about teaching for a long time now….

Nutrition
Relationship Status : "Dieting"
Nutrition
Relationship Status : "Dieting"

Today is not about a strategy to lose more weight, a new theory on building…

Nutrition
What Happens If You Eat Too Much Protein? (More Protein = More Fat Loss…)
Nutrition
What Happens If You Eat Too Much Protein? (More Protein = More Fat Loss…)

What is Protein Overfeeding? Protein overfeeding, commonly known as over-eating protein to the everyday individual,…

Nutrition
Quick Fix For Low Back Pain
Training
Quick Fix For Low Back Pain

Low back pain is probably one of the most common issues of pain within the…

Training
THE GREAT SUGAR DEBATE : Is Sugar Safe? Will it Ruin Results? What is Proven?
Nutrition
THE GREAT SUGAR DEBATE : Is Sugar Safe? Will it Ruin Results? What is Proven?

Sugar has been scaring us for decades, from the claims of it impacting and being…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] SIMPLICITY > complexity.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] SIMPLICITY > complexity.

SIMPLICITY > complexity. Have you ever noticed that successful people are always telling you to…

Daily Dose
Is a Carb a Carb? Do Nutrients Matter? How much do I need?
Nutrition
Is a Carb a Carb? Do Nutrients Matter? How much do I need?

Is a carb a carb? Does it matter where we get our macronutrients? Or is…

Nutrition
2014, Your Year For Growth
Lifestyle
2014, Your Year For Growth

The New Year is upon us, which means its resolutions time. Many people think it’s…

Lifestyle
Stay Fit While Traveling
Lifestyle
Stay Fit While Traveling

Traveling while in the middle of working towards your fitness goals can be stressful for…

Lifestyle
Research Roundup (Exercise Order and Fast vs. Slow Weight Loss)
Nutrition
Research Roundup (Exercise Order and Fast vs. Slow Weight Loss)

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
3 Key Things That GUARANTEE Results.
Nutrition
3 Key Things That GUARANTEE Results.

Access, Association, and Accountability. Within the first line of this article, I’ve given you the…

Nutrition
2 Ways to Make Your Diet Easier & More Successful
Nutrition
2 Ways to Make Your Diet Easier & More Successful

2 Ways to Make Your Diet Easier & More Successful 1.) TRACK WHAT YOU EAT!…

Nutrition
Why Losing Weight Fast Is A Bad Idea.
Nutrition
Why Losing Weight Fast Is A Bad Idea.

  Losing weight fast is a very popular topic in the fitness and nutrition industry….

Nutrition
The Funeral Question
Lifestyle
The Funeral Question

So…. It’s Monday…. Another week, but unlike the mass majority of the population… this gets…

Lifestyle
What Motivates You?
Lifestyle
What Motivates You?

“You have power over your mind – not outside events. Realize this, and you will…

Lifestyle
11 Things to Step Up Your Diet Game
Nutrition
11 Things to Step Up Your Diet Game

1.)  Water.  I put this as number one because it is obvious but not done…

Nutrition
The Best Diet Plan… [Ketogenic? Intermittent Fasting? Carb Cycling?]
Nutrition
The Best Diet Plan… [Ketogenic? Intermittent Fasting? Carb Cycling?]

“So what is the best diet?” A question I’ve heard many times and if you…

Nutrition
What Becoming an IFBB Bikini Pro Taught Me
Coaching
What Becoming an IFBB Bikini Pro Taught Me

Dieting down to get stage lean might be one of the most strict diets on…

Coaching
The Elimination Diet
Nutrition
The Elimination Diet

“Why on earth would I want to completely remove all that stuff, which I enjoy…

Nutrition
25 Ways To Be Awesome
Lifestyle
25 Ways To Be Awesome

Being awesome is to say the least, well its awesome. So in my opinion everyone…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Cultivate Your Power Tribe.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Cultivate Your Power Tribe.

Cultivate Your Power Tribe. I’m really struggling to find the words for this daily dose……

Daily Dose
Lower Body Training Session Vlog (Working Around Low-Back Issues)
Training
Lower Body Training Session Vlog (Working Around Low-Back Issues)

  Today I’ll be doing something a bit different than usual, going to do a…

Training
CASE STUDY CLIENT [Breaking The Diet-Rebound Cycle]
Coaching
CASE STUDY CLIENT [Breaking The Diet-Rebound Cycle]

Goodbye All-or-nothing Mindset, Hello sustainable Weight Loss! Maybe you can relate – You are great…

Coaching
Do you Eat TOO Much Protein? or Not Enough?
Nutrition
Do you Eat TOO Much Protein? or Not Enough?

Love posting a status asking what y’all want to read about and getting TONS of…

Nutrition
Cody McBroom holding a pile of books
Reverse Dieting, Body Recomposition, and How To Train While Cutting
Nutrition
Reverse Dieting, Body Recomposition, and How To Train While Cutting

Every single month, our Chief Science Officer Dr. Brandon Roberts puts together a Research Review…

Nutrition
Fitness Gimmicks VS. Lifestyle/Habits
Training
Fitness Gimmicks VS. Lifestyle/Habits

Everybody see’s all the gimmicks when it comes to fitness and the fads the industry…

Training
[Daily Dose] The gift is WITHIN the process…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The gift is WITHIN the process…

The gift is WITHIN the process… This week we’re hosting a coaching mastermind at the…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] ALL IN or all out.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] ALL IN or all out.

ALL IN or all out. Now, I rarely recommend an all or nothing mentality… But…

Daily Dose
Training Volume: How Many Sets Per Week is Enough?
Training
Training Volume: How Many Sets Per Week is Enough?

The Volume Landmarks The optimal amount of volume is going to be somewhere between the…

Training
What Are The Health Benefits To Eating Organ Meat?
Nutrition
What Are The Health Benefits To Eating Organ Meat?

Food fads come and go. An acai bowl one year, hemp hearts the next. Superfoods…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Find Your Low Hanging Fruit.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Find Your Low Hanging Fruit.

Find Your Low Hanging Fruit. Want to know the easiest way to start losing fat?…

Daily Dose
10 Things Most Coaches Won’t Tell You (The Reality Of Fat Loss)
Nutrition
10 Things Most Coaches Won’t Tell You (The Reality Of Fat Loss)

Today on my instagram story, I shared this current progress picture of myself… (Top is now, bottom…

Nutrition
The Athlete’s Guide To Weight Cutting
Coaching
The Athlete’s Guide To Weight Cutting

This is not a guide for how to quickly lose 10 pounds of fat, so…

Coaching
6 Vitamins That Actually Get You Jacked (That You Can Find At Any Grocery Store)
Nutrition
6 Vitamins That Actually Get You Jacked (That You Can Find At Any Grocery Store)

The reason I’m writing this is simple… I kind of hate the supplement industry, to…

Nutrition
The Mind Muscle Connection: The Key To Better Awareness, Injury Prevention, and Progress
Training
The Mind Muscle Connection: The Key To Better Awareness, Injury Prevention, and Progress

When it comes to increasing muscle mass and getting stronger, there are a number of…

Training
Recovery 101 (Discover What Actually Determines Your Results)
Nutrition
Recovery 101 (Discover What Actually Determines Your Results)

I actually couldn’t believe the result when this study came out… But when I really…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Quick results are a lie.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Quick results are a lie.

Quick results are a lie. I’d have you consider that success isn’t an easy game…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Just Show Up.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Just Show Up.

Just Show Up. Hey. I’ve been sitting here staring at a blank screen for at…

Daily Dose
Training To Failure (Yes or No?) and New Year Resolutions (How To Not Fail) – February Research Review
Science
Training To Failure (Yes or No?) and New Year Resolutions (How To Not Fail) – February Research Review

*Note from Brandon: if you want to learn how to interpret research go read each…

Science
How Sore Should You Be After A Workout?
Training
How Sore Should You Be After A Workout?

Many people question whether or not getting sore after a workout (training session) is a…

Training
[VIDEO BLOG] The Smartest Approach To Program Design
Training
[VIDEO BLOG] The Smartest Approach To Program Design

Training program design, is a pretty big deal. I mean… it’s LITERALLY the thing that…

Training
Podcast Interview on "Hefty To Handsome" – A Nutrition Plan For Real People with Cody Boom Boom McBroom
Coaching
Podcast Interview on "Hefty To Handsome" – A Nutrition Plan For Real People with Cody Boom Boom McBroom

  “A Nutrition Plan For Real People”…. (Podcast Interview with Gene Fox of Hefty To…

Coaching
High Carb Diets Work Better For Fat Loss Than Low Carb Diets
Nutrition
High Carb Diets Work Better For Fat Loss Than Low Carb Diets

What if I Told You That Science Says Low Carb Diets Suck…? ….for fat loss…

Nutrition
How Much Protein Is Too Much? [What The Research Says]
Nutrition
How Much Protein Is Too Much? [What The Research Says]

I have heard countless times, whether in magazines, from YouTubers, vegans and even health professionals…

Nutrition
Why You Can’t Keep The Weight Off
Nutrition
Why You Can’t Keep The Weight Off

“Weight regain is generally the rule, with long-term follow up studies indicating that one-third to…

Nutrition
"The Handful Diet" – Infographic, Meal Prep Template
Nutrition
"The Handful Diet" – Infographic, Meal Prep Template

For a printable version,that you can use at home or on the go to stay…

Nutrition
Become Lean AND Healthy, Long-Term
Lifestyle
Become Lean AND Healthy, Long-Term

  When I reflect back on all that I’ve been through in this lifestyle of…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action

People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action Nothing is going to slow you down more…

Daily Dose
Hip Mobility – Remove Low Back Pain & Improve Results in 5 Minutes or Less!
Training
Hip Mobility – Remove Low Back Pain & Improve Results in 5 Minutes or Less!

I’ve witnessed hip mobility literally save some of my client’s abilities to lift, play sports,…

Training
How to Build Lasting Habits, While Breaking The Ones Holding You Back
Lifestyle
How to Build Lasting Habits, While Breaking The Ones Holding You Back

Have you ever wondered how some people seem to effortlessly follow through with their workout…

Lifestyle
The Complete Guide To Dietary Fats
Nutrition
The Complete Guide To Dietary Fats

Dietary fats are essential to give your body energy and to support cell growth, they…

Nutrition
46 Tips To Build More Muscle
Nutrition
46 Tips To Build More Muscle

1.) Start Explosive. Doing something explosive at the beginning of your workout will fire the…

Nutrition
5 Ways To Burn MORE Fat Daily
Nutrition
5 Ways To Burn MORE Fat Daily

Today, you will learn 5 ways you can burn more fat on a daily basis……

Nutrition
5 Laws of Conditioning
Training
5 Laws of Conditioning

A lot of people get confused about or over think their cardio/conditioning. This could be…

Training
Does Caffeine HELP or STOP Fat Loss?
Nutrition
Does Caffeine HELP or STOP Fat Loss?

Caffeine can help you burn fat… But wait it can mess with your adrenal glands……

Nutrition
The Ultimate Evidence Based Supplement Guide
Nutrition
The Ultimate Evidence Based Supplement Guide

The supplement industry is MASSIVE. In fact, it’s currently a 36.6 Billion Dollar Industry. Crazy,…

Nutrition
Fish Oil Supplementation 101
Nutrition
Fish Oil Supplementation 101

Fish oil supplements are widely used for their health and wellness benefits. Fish oil is…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress

Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress If you don’t know what copywriting is, it’s the…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Winners Arent Afraid To Lose
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Winners Arent Afraid To Lose

Winner’s Aren’t Afraid To Lose. This actually comes straight out of a Chris Stapleton song,…

Daily Dose
17 Diet Lies’ They Told You, And You Believed.
Nutrition
17 Diet Lies’ They Told You, And You Believed.

  Fasting before cardio will burn more body fat. Plain and simple, this is just…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Be A Leader, Not A Follower.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Be A Leader, Not A Follower.

Be A Leader, Not A Follower. If you’re reading this, it means you want to…

Daily Dose
Should YOU Take a Cheat Meal?!
Nutrition
Should YOU Take a Cheat Meal?!

The biggest question I get with this subject is obvious, “Do cheat meals/days actually work?!”….

Nutrition
EPISODE 10: Monster Mentality
Nutrition
EPISODE 10: Monster Mentality

Week 10 is here and for lack of better words… Shit just got real! Actually,…

Nutrition
The 8 Biggest Diet Mistakes
Nutrition
The 8 Biggest Diet Mistakes

What else goes into weight loss besides eating well and exercising? In reality, there are…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] MJ, Kobe, Tom Brady… You.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] MJ, Kobe, Tom Brady… You.

MJ, Kobe, Tom Brady… You. Full context here – I don’t like watching sports, AT…

Daily Dose
My Interview on – ‘The Easy Wins Healthy Lifestyle Podcast’
Nutrition
My Interview on – ‘The Easy Wins Healthy Lifestyle Podcast’

When we talk about “Easy Wins” and “Healthy Lifestyle”… We need to discuss routines and…

Nutrition
EPISODE 9: Associate Pain vs Pleasure to Commit to Success
Nutrition
EPISODE 9: Associate Pain vs Pleasure to Commit to Success

Week 9 people! I got to be honest… I’m addicted to this lifestyle. In other…

Nutrition
Concurrent Training: A Practical Guide, Backed By Science
Science
Concurrent Training: A Practical Guide, Backed By Science

Introduction: What is Concurrent Training? Concurrent training consists of combining aerobic/anaerobic training (e.g., long distance…

Science
How Should I Split My Workouts? [Optimize Your Weekly Training Split]
Training
How Should I Split My Workouts? [Optimize Your Weekly Training Split]

This is a VERY common question we get at BBP (what’s the best workout split?),…

Training
[VIDEO BLOG] What is a refeed day? (NOT a cheat day!)
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] What is a refeed day? (NOT a cheat day!)

Coach: “Alright! Day 1 starts tomorrow! I got your nutrition prescription as well as a guide…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] “SHUT UP, WEAK-BRAIN! // Speak up, strong-brain!”
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] “SHUT UP, WEAK-BRAIN! // Speak up, strong-brain!”

“SHUT UP, WEAK-BRAIN! // Speak up, strong-brain!” I committed to a handful of habits for…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] They Thought They Took Steroids…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] They Thought They Took Steroids…

They Thought They Took Steroids… This is probably the most remarkable study ever done inside…

Daily Dose
5 Keys To Tracking Macros Successfully
Nutrition
5 Keys To Tracking Macros Successfully

“The Macro Diet”…. Something I hear quite often, people are asking to get on the…

Nutrition
Practical Experiences and Applications Of Intermittent Fasting
Nutrition
Practical Experiences and Applications Of Intermittent Fasting

Intermittent fasting, time restricted eating, carb fasts, water fasts, 24 hour fasts, multi-day fasts… There…

Nutrition
How To Get Jacked As A Vegan [The Detailed Nutrition Plan For Vegan Lifters]
Nutrition
How To Get Jacked As A Vegan [The Detailed Nutrition Plan For Vegan Lifters]

Many people think being vegan and gaining muscle are oxymorons, they are opposites, you can’t…

Nutrition
Defining Your Appreciation
Lifestyle
Defining Your Appreciation

I recently heard a story of a young man; so young he can barely drink…

Lifestyle
The Battle Against Carbs
Nutrition
The Battle Against Carbs

    So many people have a confusion towards carbs and don’t know how to treat…

Nutrition
"Eating Organic" – All Hype? Or Vital For Health?
Nutrition
"Eating Organic" – All Hype? Or Vital For Health?

Organic food…. Is it worth the extra money? Will you get sick and diet if…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] If you take offense, you probably don’t take action
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] If you take offense, you probably don’t take action

If you take offense, you probably don’t take action Nothing is going to slow you…

Daily Dose
A man going trough his rever dieting documents on an iMac
Reverse Dieting 101 [Your Guide and Explanation To All Things Reverse Dieting]
Nutrition
Reverse Dieting 101 [Your Guide and Explanation To All Things Reverse Dieting]

Reverse Dieting is a subject that gets talked about A LOT… and for good reason….

Nutrition
Should You Do A Bikini Competition?
Coaching
Should You Do A Bikini Competition?

I honestly can’t believe that just over a year ago I was going hard in…

Coaching
The G-Flux Theory: Eat More, Move More, Burn More…?
Nutrition
The G-Flux Theory: Eat More, Move More, Burn More…?

Our bodies are remarkable at adapting to different stimuli that we can then manipulate to…

Nutrition
The Ultimate Kettlebell Workout Guide
Training
The Ultimate Kettlebell Workout Guide

Kettlebell workouts are one of the most diverse training modalities out there. Depending on the…

Training
Better Gut, Better Abs.
Nutrition
Better Gut, Better Abs.

  Do the things I’m going to share with you in this article today, and…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Is Your Body A Sports Car? Or A Junk-Yard Cruiser?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Is Your Body A Sports Car? Or A Junk-Yard Cruiser?

Is Your Body A Sports Car? Or A Junk-Yard Cruiser? Would you trade your life…

Daily Dose
How To Change Your Behaviors and Lose More Weight
Nutrition
How To Change Your Behaviors and Lose More Weight

We appear to be going about health and weight loss all wrong. As nutrition coaches,…

Nutrition
Contagious Inspiration
Coaching
Contagious Inspiration

Have you ever been inspired by someone? I mean like, truly moved and motivated to…

Coaching
Fat-Loss’s Worse Enemy… Stress.
Nutrition
Fat-Loss’s Worse Enemy… Stress.

Plateaus suck. Plain and simple, they suck. You’re losing weight, getting results, and out of…

Nutrition
What I’ve Learned From Setting Targets Too Big
Lifestyle
What I’ve Learned From Setting Targets Too Big

Things that take hard work, scare you quite a bit, push you further and harder…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel.

It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel. Maya Angelou has a famous quote,…

Daily Dose
Metabolic Adaptation and Concurrent Training [October Research Round Up]
Nutrition
Metabolic Adaptation and Concurrent Training [October Research Round Up]

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
Nutrition

10 Ways To Boost Metabolism & Burn MORE Fat 1.) Drink More Water. – A…

Nutrition
How To Use A TDEE and BMR Calculator To Lose Weight
Nutrition
How To Use A TDEE and BMR Calculator To Lose Weight

How To Use TDEE and BMR Calculator To Lose Weight BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) and…

Nutrition
How To Avoid Injury
Training
How To Avoid Injury

Injury prevention is something I’ve had many people ask me to write about, and I’ve…

Training
Overfeeding and Weight Gain (What Science Says About Our Metabolic Processes)
Nutrition
Overfeeding and Weight Gain (What Science Says About Our Metabolic Processes)

The fear of gaining weight is real. People who have lost a large amount of…

Nutrition
Eliminating Your Cravings, For Good (5 Simple Strategies)
Coaching
Eliminating Your Cravings, For Good (5 Simple Strategies)

When fat loss is the goal, cravings can be your worst nightmare… and even when…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] Fuck mediocrity.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Fuck mediocrity.

Fuck mediocrity. Look around. At each area of your life. Your body. Your mind. Your…

Daily Dose
The Definitive Guide To Creatine Monohydrate
Nutrition
The Definitive Guide To Creatine Monohydrate

Creatine Monohydrate… might just be our favorite supplement.  Why? Well, because we can recommend it…

Nutrition
Is It Healthy To Be A Vegetarian? (Putting Ethics Aside)
Lifestyle
Is It Healthy To Be A Vegetarian? (Putting Ethics Aside)

What is the healthiest way to eat? What is the best way to eat to…

Lifestyle
12 Reasons Strength Training Trumps Cardio
Training
12 Reasons Strength Training Trumps Cardio

90% of people who come to me expect that they’ll need to do a bunch…

Training
EPISODE 2: Determination Leads to Success
Lifestyle
EPISODE 2: Determination Leads to Success

Week 1 is complete! And DAMN…. That was a long week! But the best feeling…

Lifestyle
The Stress ≤ Recovery Paradigm
Lifestyle
The Stress ≤ Recovery Paradigm

The Recovery Paradigm, something not many talk about – yet 100% of people are affected…

Lifestyle
Keto: The Best or The Worst Diet For Fat Loss?
Nutrition
Keto: The Best or The Worst Diet For Fat Loss?

A recent study showed that keto doesn’t work like many people once thought it did……

Nutrition
7 Steps to a Stress Free Life
Lifestyle
7 Steps to a Stress Free Life

Stress is everywhere and within every person out there. Very few people are completely stress…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Self Limiting Behaviors.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Self Limiting Behaviors.

Self Limiting Behaviors. Hey… You or someone you know NEEDS to read this. So please,…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 10 Nutrition Commandments.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 10 Nutrition Commandments.

The 10 Nutrition Commandments. Like I told you on yesterday… I’m bringing you the 10…

Daily Dose
EPISODE 3: The Successful Mindset & Attitude
Lifestyle
EPISODE 3: The Successful Mindset & Attitude

Two weeks down…. Only ten more to go. Damn… TEN?! I think time has slowed…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] 9 Habits That Increase Dietary Success
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] 9 Habits That Increase Dietary Success

9 Habits That Increase Dietary Success When it comes to ACTUALLY seeing success from your…

Daily Dose
3 Step Checklist to Supplementation
Nutrition
3 Step Checklist to Supplementation

As I’m sitting here on this plane to Vegas for my mentor Luka Hocevar’s fit-business…

Nutrition
7 Reasons You’re Not Losing Weight
Nutrition
7 Reasons You’re Not Losing Weight

I wrote an email for my subscribers the other day called “White Noise”. It went…

Nutrition
50 Science-Backed Anti-Aging Strategies For Life
Lifestyle
50 Science-Backed Anti-Aging Strategies For Life

Aging healthy, happy and with grace. Isn’t that what everybody wants? Many people think that…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Self-Made is Made Up.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Self-Made is Made Up.

Self-Made is Made Up. If you’re a hip-hop head (i.e. someone who loves rap music),…

Daily Dose
Why Losing Weight Gets Harder and Harder… [& How To STOP It!]
Lifestyle
Why Losing Weight Gets Harder and Harder… [& How To STOP It!]

The majority of the people I work with, including myself, want to lose body fat….

Lifestyle
The Liver Detox Diet (Not Your Average ‘Quick Fix’Detox)
Lifestyle
The Liver Detox Diet (Not Your Average ‘Quick Fix’Detox)

The liver is the main organ in charge of detoxification. It constantly “clears out” toxins…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Patience, Persistence, & Positive People.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Patience, Persistence, & Positive People.

Patience, Persistence, & Positive People. If there was ever a formula for success… this is…

Daily Dose
Resistance. The #1 Thing Holding Us Back.
Coaching
Resistance. The #1 Thing Holding Us Back.

Overcoming resistance is success, period. To achieve a result, we need to overcome resistance. And…

Coaching
Periodizing Your Nutrition (The Key To Results That Last)
Nutrition
Periodizing Your Nutrition (The Key To Results That Last)

Ok, first of all… “What the hell is periodization?” – Glad you asked: Periodization –…

Nutrition
Shut Up and Listen!
Lifestyle
Shut Up and Listen!

After reading the title your problem wondering, “What in the hell will Boom Boom be…

Lifestyle
Nutrition For Pregnancy [Fueling Your Body Pre, During, & Post Pregnancy]
Nutrition
Nutrition For Pregnancy [Fueling Your Body Pre, During, & Post Pregnancy]

So you’re growing a human (or maybe thinking about growing a human) and therefore, you’re…

Nutrition
‘Cheat Meals’, Refeeds & Diet-Breaks – What Actually Works
Nutrition
‘Cheat Meals’, Refeeds & Diet-Breaks – What Actually Works

“Cheat Meal”… The two most holy words in the diet vocabulary that every single client…

Nutrition
Maximizing Your Performance During The CrossFit Open
Nutrition
Maximizing Your Performance During The CrossFit Open

Five weeks of serious CrossFit action coming at us as we’re only a month away…

Nutrition
The Final 10lbs…
Nutrition
The Final 10lbs…

The last 10lbs… It’s like the final put in a golf game. Precision comes into…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] No Fluff, Just Planning + Execution.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] No Fluff, Just Planning + Execution.

No Fluff, Just Planning + Execution. I’m going to keep this short and sweet today….

Daily Dose
Metabolic Adaptation: Why Dieting Slows Down Your Metabolism & How To Fix It
Nutrition
Metabolic Adaptation: Why Dieting Slows Down Your Metabolism & How To Fix It

Metabolic adaptation has many names. It i