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20210906-232A9775

The Repeated Bout Effect (Is Muscle Damage A Good Thing…?)

June 29, 2021
Written by Brandon Roberts

6 Min Read

Key takeaways

1

The repeated bout effect (RBE) occurs when a single bout of unfamiliar eccentrically based exercise gives protection against muscle damage from a subsequent session of similar activity.

2

We know muscle damage occurs because of a few indicators: delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), reduced range of motion (ROM), increased creatine kinase (CK) in the blood, myofibrillar disruption in the extracellular matrix, and decreased muscle strength.

3

Our muscles have an intrinsic protective mechanism that reacts to exercise-induced damage using an adaptive response that endows resistance to subsequent exercise-induced damage stimuli.

What is the repeated bout effect?

The repeated bout effect (RBE) occurs when a single bout of unfamiliar eccentrically based exercise gives protection against muscle damage from a subsequent session of similar activity. A good example is when you squat for the first time. Squatting has a large eccentric movement that causes muscle damage. The next time you squat you’ll be less sore and have less muscle damage. 

Is Muscle Damage Important?

We know muscle damage occurs because of a few indicators: delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), reduced range of motion (ROM), increased creatine kinase (CK) in the blood, myofibrillar disruption in the extracellular matrix, and decreased muscle strength. These indicators recover fairly quickly (2-14 days) depending on your experience level and how much training volume you completed during the workout. The indicators recover faster after the first time you ever do an exercise and that is the whole idea behind the RBE. 

The RBE has been studied since the 1980s. It can occur after all types of exercise, including marathon running and traditional strength training. The exact mechanisms are still not clear, but there are three main components:

  1. Metabolic events from training cause hypoxia and ischemia that result in waste accumulation and inflammation at the cellular level. 
  2. Cytoskeletal or membrane proteins are disrupted by mechanical tension.
  3. Neuromuscular adaptations occur via motor units.

In 2003, McHugh concluded that these three adaptations (neural, mechanical, and cellular) might complement each other or operate independently, and that a unified theory to explain the RBE remains elusive. A decade later, it seems most likely that these three adaptations work together to coordinate the RBE. However, they also may work independently. Honestly, we haven’t really learned a whole lot in the past 20 years, so more research is needed to better understand the underlying mechanisms. 

Specific Muscle Activation, Exhaustion, and Damage

The RBE is specific to the muscle exercised, with studies showing there is no cross-transfer to contralateral muscle groups. This means that if you exercise one leg or arm it won’t help the opposite limb adapt to the movement. We don’t see many people trying to do that anyway, so cross-transfer is more of a scientific novelty than an application of RBE. On a more interesting note, different exercise variations do provide a RBE. In one study, 100 maximal eccentric leg extensions provided protection from a subsequent bout of downhill running.

More recent (and applicable) research agrees, with Zourdos et al., finding that incline curls caused a protective effect during subsequent preacher curls compared to repeating incline curls, meaning RBE was not exercise specific. From a practical standpoint, this means that you can switch exercise variations without having to worry about being sore or causing as much muscle damage in similar exercises. 

How Long Does Muscle Damage Last (RBE Duration)

Several studies have helped us figure out that RBE lasts for a long time. One study reported participants had less DOMS and CK when a repeated bout of downhill running was done six weeks after the first bout. Going out even longer, another study reported that RBE lasts at least 6 months but is lost between 9 and 12 months.

This may seem counterintuitive because if you take a break from exercising for a month you often get sore when restarting. The thing to remember is that it will never be as bad as the first time you exercised, which is the idea behind RBE. Ultimately, our muscles have an intrinsic protective mechanism that reacts to exercise-induced damage using an adaptive response that endows resistance to subsequent exercise-induced damage stimuli.

Conclusion:

To sum it up and give some practical application: RBE occurs after the first time you exercise a muscle and helps you adapt to DOMS, reduced ROM, muscle damage, and reduced performance. RBE lasts around 6 months and transfers between exercises so you don’t have to worry that switching your programming will cause you to restart RBE.

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Written by
Brandon Roberts

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A Crash Course On Your Hormones (What You Need To Know)
Physiology
A Crash Course On Your Hormones (What You Need To Know)

You scroll through your Instagram and you read a post which says “Could your hormones…

Physiology
Stay Fit While Traveling
Lifestyle
Stay Fit While Traveling

Traveling while in the middle of working towards your fitness goals can be stressful for…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Redirect Your Impatience.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Redirect Your Impatience.

Redirect Your Impatience. My daughter is about to turn 4 next month and she has…

Daily Dose
Does Periodization Matter For Hypertrophy Training?
Science
Does Periodization Matter For Hypertrophy Training?

What is Training Periodization? Periodization is the manipulation of training variables over time to reach…

Science
[Daily Dose] The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU.

The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU. There’s so many of us who want…

Daily Dose
Nutritional Periodization For Fat Loss
Nutrition
Nutritional Periodization For Fat Loss

This is my second time writing this article, to be honest. The first go around…

Nutrition
Boom Boom’s Fat Loss Secrets
Lifestyle
Boom Boom’s Fat Loss Secrets

As a fitness and health professional, it is a crucial must to know everything there…

Lifestyle
Nutrition For Endurance Athletes (An Evidence Based Approach)
Nutrition
Nutrition For Endurance Athletes (An Evidence Based Approach)

“Some races are lost with a 0.05% difference, sometimes less. In a lot of sports,…

Nutrition
Make Life Awesome
Lifestyle
Make Life Awesome

Are you doing everything in your power to be the best you possibly can be?…

Lifestyle
KAIZEN
Lifestyle
KAIZEN

“Continuous Improvement” “Embrace Change” “Change for the Better” These are all definitions of the Japanese…

Lifestyle
Why You SHOULD Drink Coffee… [Myths vs. Truth/Benefits]
Nutrition
Why You SHOULD Drink Coffee… [Myths vs. Truth/Benefits]

As a huge coffee lover, I’ve decided to take some time today to stand my…

Nutrition
How To Avoid Injury
Training
How To Avoid Injury

Injury prevention is something I’ve had many people ask me to write about, and I’ve…

Training
[Daily Dose] Growth must be forced.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Growth must be forced.

Growth must be forced. This is going to be short, to the point, and powerful…

Daily Dose
Successful Intuitive Eating (9 Step System)
Nutrition
Successful Intuitive Eating (9 Step System)

What to eat, how much to eat, timing what you eat, and then actually seeing…

Nutrition
[GUIDE] How To Create The Most Effective Full Body Training Program
Training
[GUIDE] How To Create The Most Effective Full Body Training Program

Full Body vs. Split Training…? Which is better? This question has been answered by 1,000,000…

Training
Is Your Metabolism Damaged?
Nutrition
Is Your Metabolism Damaged?

Metabolic Damage [Refeeds, Cheat Meals, Reverse Dieting & How To Utilize Them For Results] So…

Nutrition
7 Reasons You’re Not Losing Weight
Nutrition
7 Reasons You’re Not Losing Weight

I wrote an email for my subscribers the other day called “White Noise”. It went…

Nutrition
Training Volume: How Many Sets Per Week is Enough?
Training
Training Volume: How Many Sets Per Week is Enough?

The Volume Landmarks The optimal amount of volume is going to be somewhere between the…

Training
Diet Breaks: Defined and Applied
Hormones
Diet Breaks: Defined and Applied

Today we are going to talk about how you can maximize the effectiveness of your…

Hormones
Should YOU Take a Cheat Meal?!
Nutrition
Should YOU Take a Cheat Meal?!

The biggest question I get with this subject is obvious, “Do cheat meals/days actually work?!”….

Nutrition
The Best Diet Plan… [Ketogenic? Intermittent Fasting? Carb Cycling?]
Nutrition
The Best Diet Plan… [Ketogenic? Intermittent Fasting? Carb Cycling?]

“So what is the best diet?” A question I’ve heard many times and if you…

Nutrition
Pre | Intra | Post – Mastering Your Workout Nutrition
Nutrition
Pre | Intra | Post – Mastering Your Workout Nutrition

High carb vs. low carb is a seemingly endless debate on my Instagram feed, with…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The Correct Way To Diet…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Correct Way To Diet…

The Correct Way To Diet… Unfortunately, there’s A LOT of bad diet advice out there……

Daily Dose
Podcast Interview on "Hefty To Handsome" – A Nutrition Plan For Real People with Cody Boom Boom McBroom
Coaching
Podcast Interview on "Hefty To Handsome" – A Nutrition Plan For Real People with Cody Boom Boom McBroom

  “A Nutrition Plan For Real People”…. (Podcast Interview with Gene Fox of Hefty To…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] Power List.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Power List.

Power List. One of the most SIMPLE things you can do to get more shit…

Daily Dose
Overtraining or Under-Recovering? (Killing Yourself in The Gym is Killing Your Progress and Hormones)
Nutrition
Overtraining or Under-Recovering? (Killing Yourself in The Gym is Killing Your Progress and Hormones)

Why Killing Yourself In The Gym Might Be Killing Your Progress (and Wrecking Your Hormones)…

Nutrition
Nutrition For Pregnancy [Fueling Your Body Pre, During, & Post Pregnancy]
Nutrition
Nutrition For Pregnancy [Fueling Your Body Pre, During, & Post Pregnancy]

So you’re growing a human (or maybe thinking about growing a human) and therefore, you’re…

Nutrition
The ABSOLUTE Best Way To Burn Fat
Training
The ABSOLUTE Best Way To Burn Fat

Everyone always wants to know, “What’s the absolute best way to burn fat?!” And I…

Training
Metabolic Adaptation and Concurrent Training [October Research Round Up]
Nutrition
Metabolic Adaptation and Concurrent Training [October Research Round Up]

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
What Happens If You Eat Too Much Protein? (More Protein = More Fat Loss…)
Nutrition
What Happens If You Eat Too Much Protein? (More Protein = More Fat Loss…)

What is Protein Overfeeding? Protein overfeeding, commonly known as over-eating protein to the everyday individual,…

Nutrition
A Simple Guide To Women’s Health (FAQ)
Nutrition
A Simple Guide To Women’s Health (FAQ)

When it comes to writing nutrition plans, we at TCM believe that everyone deserves an…

Nutrition
Your Bikini Competition Crash Course (What-To-Know Before Competing)
Coaching
Your Bikini Competition Crash Course (What-To-Know Before Competing)

Heading into my first bikini competition I had at least one hundred random questions.  Even…

Coaching
Drinking Alcohol and Losing Fat: Your Definitive Guide
Nutrition
Drinking Alcohol and Losing Fat: Your Definitive Guide

Alcohol… Whether it’s Monday Night Football, summertime BBQ’s, date night with your wife, or just…

Nutrition
What Type of Protein Powder is Most Effective?
Nutrition
What Type of Protein Powder is Most Effective?

While there aren’t many supplements we at BBP recommend to clients, protein powder is one…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Winners Arent Afraid To Lose
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Winners Arent Afraid To Lose

Winner’s Aren’t Afraid To Lose. This actually comes straight out of a Chris Stapleton song,…

Daily Dose
The Busy Man’s Fit Guide
Nutrition
The Busy Man’s Fit Guide

“You practically live in the gym, Cody. And even when you’re not literally there, you’re…

Nutrition
A Day in The Not So Average Life – VLOG Ep.2
Lifestyle
A Day in The Not So Average Life – VLOG Ep.2

For a chance to start your 30 day transformation, visit the links below! The 30…

Lifestyle
Why Fad Diet’s Work… At First.
Nutrition
Why Fad Diet’s Work… At First.

Fad diets do work, at first. And then the results slowly taper off until they…

Nutrition
Become Lean AND Healthy, Long-Term
Lifestyle
Become Lean AND Healthy, Long-Term

  When I reflect back on all that I’ve been through in this lifestyle of…

Lifestyle
The Definitive Guide To Creatine Monohydrate
Nutrition
The Definitive Guide To Creatine Monohydrate

Creatine Monohydrate… might just be our favorite supplement.  Why? Well, because we can recommend it…

Nutrition
Nutrition

10 Ways To Boost Metabolism & Burn MORE Fat 1.) Drink More Water. – A…

Nutrition
The "All or Nothing" Mentality, That Kills Long-Term Progress.
Nutrition
The "All or Nothing" Mentality, That Kills Long-Term Progress.

Yes, that sounds good, I’ll take some nothing too! We’ve all been there, we’ve all…

Nutrition
January Research Review: Measuring Training Performance With A Mask (COVID) and RPE/RIR’s Effectiveness
Science
January Research Review: Measuring Training Performance With A Mask (COVID) and RPE/RIR’s Effectiveness

Research Review #8 Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS Chief Science Officer Study #1  Title: Wearing of…

Science
EPISODE 10: Monster Mentality
Nutrition
EPISODE 10: Monster Mentality

Week 10 is here and for lack of better words… Shit just got real! Actually,…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] TRY HARDER.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] TRY HARDER.

TRY HARDER. Try harder. Period. And I should just end it here. Because honestly… why…

Daily Dose
How Much Protein Is Too Much? [What The Research Says]
Nutrition
How Much Protein Is Too Much? [What The Research Says]

I have heard countless times, whether in magazines, from YouTubers, vegans and even health professionals…

Nutrition
Client Case Study: 8 Months To Get Shredded
Coaching
Client Case Study: 8 Months To Get Shredded

I’m going to dive into the exact process of getting my man shown below, Jeremiah,…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] Self-Made is Made Up.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Self-Made is Made Up.

Self-Made is Made Up. If you’re a hip-hop head (i.e. someone who loves rap music),…

Daily Dose
The Definitive Guide To Thyroid Health
Nutrition
The Definitive Guide To Thyroid Health

With the increasing popularity of the topic ‘hormones’ the thyroid gland has also received more…

Nutrition
Why I Love Weight Watchers…
Nutrition
Why I Love Weight Watchers…

Yes, I love weight watchers. And no, this is not a joke. What most people…

Nutrition
Contagious Inspiration
Coaching
Contagious Inspiration

Have you ever been inspired by someone? I mean like, truly moved and motivated to…

Coaching
7 Most Frequently Asked Nutrition Questions
Nutrition
7 Most Frequently Asked Nutrition Questions

# 1 – I’m Ready To Get Fit! But Where Do I Start…? Most people…

Nutrition
3 Exercises That Should NEVER Leave Your Program
Training
3 Exercises That Should NEVER Leave Your Program

There is no “Best Exercise”, just like there is no “Best Diet”. That’s just the…

Training
Do you Eat TOO Much Protein? or Not Enough?
Nutrition
Do you Eat TOO Much Protein? or Not Enough?

Love posting a status asking what y’all want to read about and getting TONS of…

Nutrition
Why YOU Should Add Super-Shakes To Your Diet [PLUS 4 Recipes!]
Nutrition
Why YOU Should Add Super-Shakes To Your Diet [PLUS 4 Recipes!]

Super-shakes are an awesome addition to almost anyone’s diet and so many people are failing…

Nutrition
8 Ways To Handle Your Diet On Christmas
Nutrition
8 Ways To Handle Your Diet On Christmas

1.) Don’t Stress, Have Fun! Might seem weird that the first tip for not ruining…

Nutrition
How To Individualize Your Nutrition Plan (8 Ways To Tailor Your Diet)
Nutrition
How To Individualize Your Nutrition Plan (8 Ways To Tailor Your Diet)

To Individualize what you do, is not only the most optimal way to see results;…

Nutrition
Are you eating enough?
Nutrition
Are you eating enough?

This is a question that I personally have had to ask many clients, even myself…

Nutrition
Practical Experiences and Applications Of Intermittent Fasting
Nutrition
Practical Experiences and Applications Of Intermittent Fasting

Intermittent fasting, time restricted eating, carb fasts, water fasts, 24 hour fasts, multi-day fasts… There…

Nutrition
Never Give Up
Lifestyle
Never Give Up

Sometimes waiting to reach our goal can feel like an eternity, especially when that goal…

Lifestyle
Food Wars!
Nutrition
Food Wars!

Today I am going to start a battle of food! Hopefully I can answer many…

Nutrition
A Strong Case For Tracking Macros
Nutrition
A Strong Case For Tracking Macros

You’ve probably heard of counting calories, but what about counting your macros? With any nutrition…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] No Fluff, Just Planning + Execution.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] No Fluff, Just Planning + Execution.

No Fluff, Just Planning + Execution. I’m going to keep this short and sweet today….

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Repeat After Me…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Repeat After Me…

Repeat After Me… This will be short, not necessarily sweet, and very much to the…

Daily Dose
7 Reasons Your Diet Is Failing
Nutrition
7 Reasons Your Diet Is Failing

I got some unfortunate news for you today…. Every single diet you’ve ever tried, thought…

Nutrition
The Final Chapter…
Lifestyle
The Final Chapter…

  I love this saying above, because I’ve often referred to life as a book….

Lifestyle
Overfeeding and Weight Gain (What Science Says About Our Metabolic Processes)
Nutrition
Overfeeding and Weight Gain (What Science Says About Our Metabolic Processes)

The fear of gaining weight is real. People who have lost a large amount of…

Nutrition
3 Key Things That GUARANTEE Results.
Nutrition
3 Key Things That GUARANTEE Results.

Access, Association, and Accountability. Within the first line of this article, I’ve given you the…

Nutrition
EPISODE 6: 5 Steps To Habitual Lifestyle Changes
Lifestyle
EPISODE 6: 5 Steps To Habitual Lifestyle Changes

I am officially six days away from the half way marker of this 12-week journey……

Lifestyle
Consistency
Lifestyle
Consistency

You’ve tried everything in the book, twice, and you still haven’t reached the fitness goal…

Lifestyle
Is It Healthy To Be A Vegetarian? (Putting Ethics Aside)
Lifestyle
Is It Healthy To Be A Vegetarian? (Putting Ethics Aside)

What is the healthiest way to eat? What is the best way to eat to…

Lifestyle
CASE STUDY CLIENT [Breaking The Diet-Rebound Cycle]
Coaching
CASE STUDY CLIENT [Breaking The Diet-Rebound Cycle]

Goodbye All-or-nothing Mindset, Hello sustainable Weight Loss! Maybe you can relate – You are great…

Coaching
[VIDEO BLOG] Paleo Vs. Macros (Which One’s Better…?)
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] Paleo Vs. Macros (Which One’s Better…?)

Paleo vs. Macros… This debate has and probably will go on for eternity in the nutrition…

Nutrition
Eliminating Your Cravings, For Good (5 Simple Strategies)
Coaching
Eliminating Your Cravings, For Good (5 Simple Strategies)

When fat loss is the goal, cravings can be your worst nightmare… and even when…

Coaching
"Fat-Burning Foods" [ Truth or Myth? ]
Nutrition
"Fat-Burning Foods" [ Truth or Myth? ]

Do you ever read media titles that say things like, “Eat Salmon to burn MORE…

Nutrition
Getting Through The Holidays [Without Ruining Your Progress]
Nutrition
Getting Through The Holidays [Without Ruining Your Progress]

The holidays are a time for friends, family, and yes, lots of good food! But…

Nutrition
Nutrient Timing (What The Science Actually Tells Us)
Nutrition
Nutrient Timing (What The Science Actually Tells Us)

Nutrient Timing – Here’s what you need to know: • Calories in vs. calories out…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The 10 Training Commandments.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 10 Training Commandments.

The 10 Training Commandments. Full transparency, I stole these from another strength coach (Ben Bruno)….

Daily Dose
The Liver Detox Diet (Not Your Average ‘Quick Fix’Detox)
Lifestyle
The Liver Detox Diet (Not Your Average ‘Quick Fix’Detox)

The liver is the main organ in charge of detoxification. It constantly “clears out” toxins…

Lifestyle
Sleep = Results Part 2
Lifestyle
Sleep = Results Part 2

 So we talked about sleep and why it directly links to your results in the…

Lifestyle
CLAIMING MY POWER. [Day 3 & 4, Resurrection Week]
Lifestyle
CLAIMING MY POWER. [Day 3 & 4, Resurrection Week]

  “Wow, its day 3 already… In the weirdest way, it feels like its been…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Win The Rest of 2022, By Doing This.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Win The Rest of 2022, By Doing This.

Win The Rest of 2022, By Doing This. I think most people fail to reach…

Daily Dose
3 Reasons You NEED Mobility To Lose More Fat
Training
3 Reasons You NEED Mobility To Lose More Fat

What is Mobility?   If your goal is fat loss, you NEED to incorporate mobility…

Training
47 Simple Ways To Kick Start Your Fat Loss
Nutrition
47 Simple Ways To Kick Start Your Fat Loss

1.) Go Harder – You should be training hard. “Duh Boom Boom”… Yeah, well many…

Nutrition
Functional Upper Body Training Session [Full Workout Explained]
Training
Functional Upper Body Training Session [Full Workout Explained]

Watch the video below to get access to an exclusive functional hypertrophy training program [for…

Training
"Active Recovery" – Burn More Calories & Build More Muscle on Your Rest Days.
Training
"Active Recovery" – Burn More Calories & Build More Muscle on Your Rest Days.

As a reader of my blog, I can assume your goal is to look, perform,…

Training
Research Roundup (Exercise Order and Fast vs. Slow Weight Loss)
Nutrition
Research Roundup (Exercise Order and Fast vs. Slow Weight Loss)

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
Body Fat Overshooting (Post Diet Consequences)
Nutrition
Body Fat Overshooting (Post Diet Consequences)

We live in what feels like the peak of a fad diet culture, where media…

Nutrition
Concurrent Training: A Practical Guide, Backed By Science
Science
Concurrent Training: A Practical Guide, Backed By Science

Introduction: What is Concurrent Training? Concurrent training consists of combining aerobic/anaerobic training (e.g., long distance…

Science
[Daily Dose] Self Limiting Behaviors.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Self Limiting Behaviors.

Self Limiting Behaviors. Hey… You or someone you know NEEDS to read this. So please,…

Daily Dose
The G-Flux Theory: Eat More, Move More, Burn More…?
Nutrition
The G-Flux Theory: Eat More, Move More, Burn More…?

Our bodies are remarkable at adapting to different stimuli that we can then manipulate to…

Nutrition
Intermittent Fasting
Nutrition
Intermittent Fasting

  Intermittent fasting has been expanding in popularity right now more than ever and tons…

Nutrition
The Decline Of Male Testosterone (Why It’s At An All Time Low)
Nutrition
The Decline Of Male Testosterone (Why It’s At An All Time Low)

Testosterone is perhaps the most well known and most sought after hormone in the male…

Nutrition
How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques
Training
How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques

How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques What happens when you feel your…

Training
What To Do After The CrossFit Open
Coaching
What To Do After The CrossFit Open

We’ve talked about periodization a few times prior to this post on the BBP blog,…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] They’re Tools, Not Time Machines!
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] They’re Tools, Not Time Machines!

They’re Tools, Not Time Machines! “Tools and time machines…? What the hell are you talking…

Daily Dose
Muscle Growth For The Female Lifter
Nutrition
Muscle Growth For The Female Lifter

Gaining – a scary word for most women to hear or even think about, especially…

Nutrition
How and Why To Use Diet Breaks [Research Review: The ICECAP Trial]
Nutrition
How and Why To Use Diet Breaks [Research Review: The ICECAP Trial]

Research Review #10 Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS*D Chief Science Officer *Note from Brandon: if you…

Nutrition
The Ultimate Protein Guide
Nutrition
The Ultimate Protein Guide

Let’s talk Protein. Highly debated, greatly misunderstood, over-consumed by gym rats, and vastly under-consumed by…

Nutrition
Top 3 Micronutrients You Are Missing, Yet Desperately Need
Nutrition
Top 3 Micronutrients You Are Missing, Yet Desperately Need

At some point in time, micronutrients became really uncool to consider as an important part…

Nutrition
The Truth About Gluten
Nutrition
The Truth About Gluten

The biggest question on gluten… Should we avoid it? Or is the media hype on…

Nutrition
5 Keys To Tracking Macros Successfully
Nutrition
5 Keys To Tracking Macros Successfully

“The Macro Diet”…. Something I hear quite often, people are asking to get on the…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] How To Turn A Bad Day Around
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] How To Turn A Bad Day Around

How To Turn A Bad Day Around I had a pretty shitty day today. Yesterday,…

Daily Dose
The 10 Training Commandments
Training
The 10 Training Commandments

  After the popularity of my article, “The 10 Diet Commandments”, I decided to bring…

Training
Understanding Gut Health (How Your Gut Determines Your Health)
Nutrition
Understanding Gut Health (How Your Gut Determines Your Health)

We covered probiotics a few weeks ago, which just barely scratched the surface of gut…

Nutrition
Recovery 101 (Discover What Actually Determines Your Results)
Nutrition
Recovery 101 (Discover What Actually Determines Your Results)

I actually couldn’t believe the result when this study came out… But when I really…

Nutrition
How Sore Should You Be After A Workout?
Training
How Sore Should You Be After A Workout?

Many people question whether or not getting sore after a workout (training session) is a…

Training
The Most Avoided, Neglected, and NEEDED Concept of Training & Nutrition
Nutrition
The Most Avoided, Neglected, and NEEDED Concept of Training & Nutrition

Recovery… The least sexy topic in the industry? The most misunderstood topic in the industry?…

Nutrition
How Your Intensity Determines Your Results
Training
How Your Intensity Determines Your Results

Intensity… It’s a sexy word in the fitness world. It makes us feel like we’re…

Training
My Diet Story. The Good, The Bad, The Ugly…
Nutrition
My Diet Story. The Good, The Bad, The Ugly…

  This may be the realist shit I’ve ever written for my blog. I know…

Nutrition
Cracking The "Carbohydrate Code"
Nutrition
Cracking The "Carbohydrate Code"

I get a ton of nutrition questions on a daily basis, but the topic that…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] ACTION → RESULTS → MOTIVATION
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] ACTION → RESULTS → MOTIVATION

ACTION → RESULTS → MOTIVATION Want to know how to unlock unlimited motivation…? Take action…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] You deserve MORE.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] You deserve MORE.

You deserve MORE. I’m going to keep this short and to the point. Whatever you’re…

Daily Dose
The Final 10lbs…
Nutrition
The Final 10lbs…

The last 10lbs… It’s like the final put in a golf game. Precision comes into…

Nutrition
2 Ways to Make Your Diet Easier & More Successful
Nutrition
2 Ways to Make Your Diet Easier & More Successful

2 Ways to Make Your Diet Easier & More Successful 1.) TRACK WHAT YOU EAT!…

Nutrition
My Interview on – ‘The Easy Wins Healthy Lifestyle Podcast’
Nutrition
My Interview on – ‘The Easy Wins Healthy Lifestyle Podcast’

When we talk about “Easy Wins” and “Healthy Lifestyle”… We need to discuss routines and…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Is Your Body A Sports Car? Or A Junk-Yard Cruiser?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Is Your Body A Sports Car? Or A Junk-Yard Cruiser?

Is Your Body A Sports Car? Or A Junk-Yard Cruiser? Would you trade your life…

Daily Dose
Death To The Meal Plan [5 Reasons Why Your Meal Plan Failed & Will Keep Failing]
Nutrition
Death To The Meal Plan [5 Reasons Why Your Meal Plan Failed & Will Keep Failing]

I’m going to try and keep this one short and too the point – notice…

Nutrition
Cardio vs. Lifting… What’s Better For Fat Loss?
Training
Cardio vs. Lifting… What’s Better For Fat Loss?

Cardio vs. Lifting.  Which is better for fat loss or improved body composition?  As with…

Training
Defining Your Appreciation
Lifestyle
Defining Your Appreciation

I recently heard a story of a young man; so young he can barely drink…

Lifestyle
Fat-Loss’s Worse Enemy… Stress.
Nutrition
Fat-Loss’s Worse Enemy… Stress.

Plateaus suck. Plain and simple, they suck. You’re losing weight, getting results, and out of…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action

People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action Nothing is going to slow you down more…

Daily Dose
Probiotics and Fermented Foods (Worth The Hype?)
Nutrition
Probiotics and Fermented Foods (Worth The Hype?)

Your gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a complex organ system that digests food from your mouth…

Nutrition
How Much Protein Can You Absorb In One Meal?
Nutrition
How Much Protein Can You Absorb In One Meal?

What Does “Protein Absorption” Mean…? From a nutritional view, absorption describes the passage of nutrients…

Nutrition
The Ultimate Kettlebell Workout Guide
Training
The Ultimate Kettlebell Workout Guide

Kettlebell workouts are one of the most diverse training modalities out there. Depending on the…

Training
[Daily Dose] 6 Quotes + 3 Steps To Supercharge Your Monday
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] 6 Quotes + 3 Steps To Supercharge Your Monday

6 Quotes + 3 Steps To Supercharge Your Monday Today, I need to bring some…

Daily Dose
EPISODE 3: The Successful Mindset & Attitude
Lifestyle
EPISODE 3: The Successful Mindset & Attitude

Two weeks down…. Only ten more to go. Damn… TEN?! I think time has slowed…

Lifestyle
[VIDEO BLOG] What is a refeed day? (NOT a cheat day!)
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] What is a refeed day? (NOT a cheat day!)

Coach: “Alright! Day 1 starts tomorrow! I got your nutrition prescription as well as a guide…

Nutrition
The Ultimate Fat Loss Plan (The Final 5%)
Nutrition
The Ultimate Fat Loss Plan (The Final 5%)

I received a question on instagram the other day that said, “What would be your…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] ALL IN or all out.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] ALL IN or all out.

ALL IN or all out. Now, I rarely recommend an all or nothing mentality… But…

Daily Dose
FAQ: Tracking Macros (What You Need To Know, Before Tracking Macros)
Nutrition
FAQ: Tracking Macros (What You Need To Know, Before Tracking Macros)

For years you have been calling people who track their macros, record their food, and…

Nutrition
Cardio 101 (8 Proven Methods To Upgrade Your Conditioning)
Training
Cardio 101 (8 Proven Methods To Upgrade Your Conditioning)

Cardio is something that most of us avoid, some of us hate, and very few…

Training
Keto: The Best or The Worst Diet For Fat Loss?
Nutrition
Keto: The Best or The Worst Diet For Fat Loss?

A recent study showed that keto doesn’t work like many people once thought it did……

Nutrition
Yoga For Meatheads (Should Weightlifters Do Yoga?)
Training
Yoga For Meatheads (Should Weightlifters Do Yoga?)

Many guys (and even gals) who are into strength training switch off when they hear…

Training
[VIDEO BLOG] Losing Stubborn Body Fat
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] Losing Stubborn Body Fat

Stubborn Body Fat – AKA Our Biggest Enemy. You know… Spare tire, love handles, hips,…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Habits and Addictions Are The Same
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Habits and Addictions Are The Same

Habits and Addictions Are The Same This is crazy, but did you know that less…

Daily Dose
EPISODE 4: Create Habits, Achieve Results
Lifestyle
EPISODE 4: Create Habits, Achieve Results

Week 4 has begun! That means I got through the first quarter of the game,…

Lifestyle
Cody McBroom holding a pile of books
Reverse Dieting, Body Recomposition, and How To Train While Cutting
Nutrition
Reverse Dieting, Body Recomposition, and How To Train While Cutting

Every single month, our Chief Science Officer Dr. Brandon Roberts puts together a Research Review…

Nutrition
38 Tips To Burn MORE Fat
Nutrition
38 Tips To Burn MORE Fat

The second I finished my “46 Tips to Build More Muscle” blog, I knew I…

Nutrition
Is a Carb a Carb? Do Nutrients Matter? How much do I need?
Nutrition
Is a Carb a Carb? Do Nutrients Matter? How much do I need?

Is a carb a carb? Does it matter where we get our macronutrients? Or is…

Nutrition
Top 3 Most Under-Rated Supplements
Nutrition
Top 3 Most Under-Rated Supplements

Whenever I get questions about supplements it always makes me laugh because it leads to…

Nutrition
The World’s Greatest Morning Routine (Use This Proven Point System)
Lifestyle
The World’s Greatest Morning Routine (Use This Proven Point System)

That’s a bold statement… the world’s GREATEST morning routine. But in all honesty, I truly…

Lifestyle
Fitness Gimmicks VS. Lifestyle/Habits
Training
Fitness Gimmicks VS. Lifestyle/Habits

Everybody see’s all the gimmicks when it comes to fitness and the fads the industry…

Training
The 5 Metrics You MUST Be Measuring
Coaching
The 5 Metrics You MUST Be Measuring

Have you ever heard the saying, “what gets measured gets improved?” Progress can be measured…

Coaching
The Exact Breakfast For A Leaner Body [What To Eat & Why]
Nutrition
The Exact Breakfast For A Leaner Body [What To Eat & Why]

“Exactly What To Eat For Breakfast To Get A Leaner Body” Follow These Exact Breakfast…

Nutrition
EPISODE 12: Pancakes, Abs & Chasing Unicorns
Nutrition
EPISODE 12: Pancakes, Abs & Chasing Unicorns

LESS THAN 2 WEEKS OUT!!!! Wow…. I think it finally hit me that I will…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Have you quit yet?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Have you quit yet?

Have you quit yet? It’s February 1st today… So that means you need to audit…

Daily Dose
Are Body Fat Machines Accurate? [Truth About Body Fat Testing]
Coaching
Are Body Fat Machines Accurate? [Truth About Body Fat Testing]

That’s a question I get quite often inside of our coaching practice and rightfully so,…

Coaching
7 Steps to a Stress Free Life
Lifestyle
7 Steps to a Stress Free Life

Stress is everywhere and within every person out there. Very few people are completely stress…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Nobody is Self-Made.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Nobody is Self-Made.

Nobody is Self-Made. We’re here out in Arizona for a team retreat and wow… my…

Daily Dose
Hip Mobility – Remove Low Back Pain & Improve Results in 5 Minutes or Less!
Training
Hip Mobility – Remove Low Back Pain & Improve Results in 5 Minutes or Less!

I’ve witnessed hip mobility literally save some of my client’s abilities to lift, play sports,…

Training
A man going trough his rever dieting documents on an iMac
Reverse Dieting 101 [Your Guide and Explanation To All Things Reverse Dieting]
Nutrition
Reverse Dieting 101 [Your Guide and Explanation To All Things Reverse Dieting]

Reverse Dieting is a subject that gets talked about A LOT… and for good reason….

Nutrition
4 Unique Diet Hacks To Break Your Plateau
Nutrition
4 Unique Diet Hacks To Break Your Plateau

If you’ve been reading my work for a while, you’ll have realized by now that…

Nutrition
3 Step Checklist to Supplementation
Nutrition
3 Step Checklist to Supplementation

As I’m sitting here on this plane to Vegas for my mentor Luka Hocevar’s fit-business…

Nutrition
Your Gut (The 2nd Brain) Determines Body Fat, Health, Disease and More…
Nutrition
Your Gut (The 2nd Brain) Determines Body Fat, Health, Disease and More…

The human gut, or “The Second Brain” as most are calling it – which makes…

Nutrition
Your Nutrition Strategy Heading Into The Open
Nutrition
Your Nutrition Strategy Heading Into The Open

Do you workout fasted or are you one of those people who absolutely has to…

Nutrition
How To Change Your Behaviors and Lose More Weight
Nutrition
How To Change Your Behaviors and Lose More Weight

We appear to be going about health and weight loss all wrong. As nutrition coaches,…

Nutrition
The PMS Cure (Natural Ways To Improve Your Hormones and Your Periods)
Nutrition
The PMS Cure (Natural Ways To Improve Your Hormones and Your Periods)

Pinch me, I think I’m dreaming!! – The first time I read that I can…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The 80/10/10 Rule.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 80/10/10 Rule.

The 80/10/10 Rule. This is a training principle that I teach many of my clients,…

Daily Dose
Why You Are Fat, Lazy and Tired All The Time.
Lifestyle
Why You Are Fat, Lazy and Tired All The Time.

I know the title of this article is a little harsh, blunt and “in your…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Why you hate Monday.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Why you hate Monday.

Why you hate Monday. Hating Monday is a sign that you have a lack of…

Daily Dose
Better Gut, Better Abs.
Nutrition
Better Gut, Better Abs.

  Do the things I’m going to share with you in this article today, and…

Nutrition
Periodizing Your Nutrition (The Key To Results That Last)
Nutrition
Periodizing Your Nutrition (The Key To Results That Last)

Ok, first of all… “What the hell is periodization?” – Glad you asked: Periodization –…

Nutrition
What Motivates You?
Lifestyle
What Motivates You?

“You have power over your mind – not outside events. Realize this, and you will…

Lifestyle
"Rich is not What you have, it’s Who you have beside you."
Lifestyle
"Rich is not What you have, it’s Who you have beside you."

Sometimes horrible things, like nightmares, can be a blessing in disguise. I had a nightmare;…

Lifestyle
Downhill Metabolisms [What Actually Happens When We Diet]
Nutrition
Downhill Metabolisms [What Actually Happens When We Diet]

For a while you could hear the words “broken metabolism” everywhere in the online space….

Nutrition
The Stress ≤ Recovery Paradigm
Lifestyle
The Stress ≤ Recovery Paradigm

The Recovery Paradigm, something not many talk about – yet 100% of people are affected…

Lifestyle
Time to Take Action!
Lifestyle
Time to Take Action!

These past few weekends I have had the opportunity to learn and hang with some…

Lifestyle
Top 4 Nutritional Questions, Answered
Nutrition
Top 4 Nutritional Questions, Answered

Being in the fitness industry I get a TON of questions about just about everything,…

Nutrition
The Hero’s Journey To Total Transformation
Nutrition
The Hero’s Journey To Total Transformation

If you’re a movie geek like me, you know exactly what the hero’s journey truly is….

Nutrition
Entrepreneur’s NEED To Take Their Health Seriously, More Than Most.
Lifestyle
Entrepreneur’s NEED To Take Their Health Seriously, More Than Most.

If you’re a business owner, entrepreneur of any kind, intrepreneur on a serious grind for…

Lifestyle
7 Not-So-Obvious Ways To Break Plateaus
Nutrition
7 Not-So-Obvious Ways To Break Plateaus

Plateaus suck. We’ve all been through them, some of us break through and others don’t….

Nutrition
Finding Clarity & Presence [Day 2 Resurrection Week]
Lifestyle
Finding Clarity & Presence [Day 2 Resurrection Week]

The second day of the most eye opening week of my life has arrived and…

Lifestyle
Why Losing Weight Gets Harder and Harder… [& How To STOP It!]
Lifestyle
Why Losing Weight Gets Harder and Harder… [& How To STOP It!]

The majority of the people I work with, including myself, want to lose body fat….

Lifestyle
7 Healthy Christmas Recipes – To Keep You On Track This Holiday!
Nutrition
7 Healthy Christmas Recipes – To Keep You On Track This Holiday!

It’s that time of year again, the Christmas spirit and cheer is here and along…

Nutrition
Does Training To Failure Maximize Strength and Hypertrophy? [Research Review]
Training
Does Training To Failure Maximize Strength and Hypertrophy? [Research Review]

Research Review #10 Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS*D Chief Science Officer *Note from Brandon: if you…

Training
Maximizing Your Performance During The CrossFit Open
Nutrition
Maximizing Your Performance During The CrossFit Open

Five weeks of serious CrossFit action coming at us as we’re only a month away…

Nutrition
Boom Boom’s Excellent Adventure: Episode 1
Coaching
Boom Boom’s Excellent Adventure: Episode 1

Wow… I have a lot of respect for bodybuilders, bikini and physique competitors. Well, I…

Coaching
Quick Fix For Low Back Pain
Training
Quick Fix For Low Back Pain

Low back pain is probably one of the most common issues of pain within the…

Training
[Daily Dose] Why I’m not losing any weight…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Why I’m not losing any weight…

Why I’m not losing any weight… This is me being totally transparent… And my nutrition…

Daily Dose
Fish Oil Supplementation 101
Nutrition
Fish Oil Supplementation 101

Fish oil supplements are widely used for their health and wellness benefits. Fish oil is…

Nutrition
Body Recomposition (Learn To Burn Fat and Build Muscle, Simultaneously)
Nutrition
Body Recomposition (Learn To Burn Fat and Build Muscle, Simultaneously)

Depending on what studies you read, you might find that, technically, building muscle while burning…

Nutrition
How Paleo Can Excel YOUR Results, Long-Term!
Nutrition
How Paleo Can Excel YOUR Results, Long-Term!

Paleo, paleo, paleo… Paleo is everywhere now! But really, what is paleo? Is it even…

Nutrition
The 10 Rituals For Better Living
Lifestyle
The 10 Rituals For Better Living

If you follow my blog pretty consistently, you’ve probably been noticing that I have been…

Lifestyle
How To Count Your Steps For Weight Loss
Science
How To Count Your Steps For Weight Loss

Does Your Body Adapt To NEAT Or Walking, Making Your Step Count Less Effective At…

Science
[Daily Dose] What If You Couldn’t Fail…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] What If You Couldn’t Fail…?

What If You Couldn’t Fail…? I was asked this question recently and it literally stopped…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Every detail matters.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Every detail matters.

Every detail matters. I’m writing you from my hotel room, here in St. Louis, while…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] FULFILLMENT > satisfaction
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] FULFILLMENT > satisfaction

FULFILLMENT > satisfaction Something I’ve always struggled with is not being satisfied with anything… I…

Daily Dose
Finding Your Protein Flavor
Nutrition
Finding Your Protein Flavor

What is Protein Powder Good For? Intense workouts cause damage to our muscles and we…

Nutrition
Why YOU Are Not Getting Results.
Nutrition
Why YOU Are Not Getting Results.

I think everyone, at least once within his or her training history, has been stuck….

Nutrition
The Secret To Success
Coaching
The Secret To Success

  This weekend, I learned the secret to success. Not how the most rapid fat…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS.

It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS. Have you ever noticed that the strategies, methods,…

Daily Dose
50 Science-Backed Anti-Aging Strategies For Life
Lifestyle
50 Science-Backed Anti-Aging Strategies For Life

Aging healthy, happy and with grace. Isn’t that what everybody wants? Many people think that…

Lifestyle
Discovering True Human Optimization [Harsh Reality]
Nutrition
Discovering True Human Optimization [Harsh Reality]

Human Optimization is a word that’s thrown around a lot today. Some say it’s being…

Nutrition
How To Properly Warm Up, For Strength Training
Training
How To Properly Warm Up, For Strength Training

Warming up for a strength training session is often a boring, yet unbelievably critical, task…

Training
5 Recipes That’ll Make You Want To ‘Eat Yo Greens!’
Nutrition
5 Recipes That’ll Make You Want To ‘Eat Yo Greens!’

One of the biggest struggles for me when I started “Dieting”, I hate that word…

Nutrition
The Training Solution For Those Who "Don’t Have The Time"
Lifestyle
The Training Solution For Those Who "Don’t Have The Time"

Making enough time for fitness seems to be a pretty common roadblock amongst people. In…

Lifestyle
Steps to Success
Lifestyle
Steps to Success

Most people do not truly understand what it takes to become successful, I’m yet to…

Lifestyle
Cardio… what’s right, what sucks, and implementing it yourself.
Training
Cardio… what’s right, what sucks, and implementing it yourself.

Cardio… Man, it sucks. Plain and simple. None of us like it, yet all of…

Training
The Hypertrophy Guide
Science
The Hypertrophy Guide

First, let’s define hypertrophy and why you may want to strive for it: hy·per·tro·phy /hīˈpərtrəfē/…

Science
Achieving Results As A Shift Worker [Circadian Rhythm, Hormones, Obesity…]
Lifestyle
Achieving Results As A Shift Worker [Circadian Rhythm, Hormones, Obesity…]

Almost 20% of people in Europe and the US work in scheduled shifts (shift work).1…

Lifestyle
Designing The Perfect Workout Finisher
Training
Designing The Perfect Workout Finisher

Let’s talk about finishers. First – what exactly IS a finisher? You can’t beat the…

Training
[Daily Dose] 90% of your resu