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January Research Review: Measuring Training Performance With A Mask (COVID) and RPE/RIR’s Effectiveness

January 6, 2021
Written by Brandon Roberts, PhD

18 Min

Key takeaways

1

*Note from Brandon: if you want to learn how to interpret research go read each study before reading the breakdown below, take notes, then compare your interpretation to mine.

2

Masks are uncomfortable, especially while exercising. I personally find it much harder to push myself (e.g., HIIT) while wearing one. That doesn’t mean I can’t do it or it’s going to interfere with my workout. The current study supports that idea...

3

RPE/RIR was built on the idea of estimating 1RM without actually doing one. Then researchers pivoted to using it for autoregulation. That seems reasonable because the rate of recovery from training and the rate of adaptation are individual, so RPE/RIR gives us an easy way to control what we do in the gym depending on how we’re feeling.

Research Review #8

Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS

Chief Science Officer

Study #1 

Title: Wearing of Cloth or Disposable Surgical Face Masks has no Effect on Vigorous Exercise Performance in Healthy Individuals

Question: Is exercise performance impaired by wearing a face mask?

Why

We’ve had our training habits changed by a worldwide pandemic claiming over a million lives. Along with social distancing, wearing face masks is recommended by the World Health Organization. If you’ve spent time in a mask then you know they’re not as comfortable as the Christmas pajamas you’ve been sporting for the last few weeks. However, for the good of society, most people have been wearing them. In fact, some countries wear masks routinely.

Not long after masks were recommended/required, a paper was published hypothesizing face masks could cause complications if worn while exercising. The authors recommended that social exercisers do low to moderate-intensity exercise, rather than vigorous exercise when they are wearing facemasks. The beauty of science is that we test our hypotheses, so a number of papers have been  published on the topic of masks and exercise. The current study adds to the literature with the purpose of evaluating whether exercise performance is impaired by wearing different types of face masks. 

Who

There were 14 participants with an even split of males and females. They were in their mid to late twenties and normally performed 4-5 hours of moderate to vigorous physical activity per week. 

Study Details

The  study used a randomized counterbalanced crossover design. Participants completed a progressive cycle exercise test to exhaustion while wearing a cloth face mask, a disposable surgical face mask, or no mask on three separate occasions. Testing was separated by at least 48 hours and each test was at roughly the same time of day. 

The starting power output on the ergometer ranged from 35 to 100 watts depending on the fitness level of the participant. The intensity was increased 35 watts every 2 minutes  until volitional fatigue, with participants cycling at 70–75 revolutions per minute. During the tests participants were blinded to their performance so that knowledge of their exercise time would not influence subsequent tests. 

Results

The authors measured time to exhaustion (Figure 1) during the exercise test and found there was no difference between conditions. There were also no sex differences between groups. There were also no differences in peak power during the cycle test (data not shown). 

Time to exhaustion - with and without mask
Time to exhaustion during training with and without a mask

One of the concerns with COVID-19 is oxygenation levels, so the authors used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), which uses infrared light to measure the levels of oxygenated and deoxygenated haemoglobin in blood. The authors found no differences between groups. That means the oxygen delivered into your body is not decreased by wearing a surgical or cloth mask. They also used a pulse oximeter (the thing they put on your finger at the hospital)  to measure arterial blood oxygen saturation, which should be somewhere around 95-100%. They found no changes in any of the conditions. This matches the NIRS data and indicates that the amount of oxygen getting into your body is not changed with a mask. 

Oxygen saturation during training, with and without a mask
Oxygen saturation during training, with and without a mask

To my surprise, the authors also found that wearing a mask did not change the rating of perceived exertion (data not shown) during the exercise test nor did it change maximum heart rate. All conditions averaged an RPE of 9.6-9.8. 

Author’s Answer

“The main finding from this study was that exercise performance, measured as either time to exhaustion or peak power output during an incremental cycle ergometer test, was not affected by wearing either a disposable surgical face mask or a non-disposable cloth face mask. Additionally, face mask and no face mask conditions were not different throughout the exercise test when oxygen saturation was assessed relative to peak power output.” 

My Answer

Masks are uncomfortable, especially while exercising. I personally find it much harder to push myself (e.g., HIIT) while wearing one. That doesn’t mean I can’t do it or it’s going to interfere with my workout. The current study supports that idea, finding no differences in exercise capacity or physiological variables when wearing a cloth or surgical mask compared to no mask.

There are two other studies on using a mask while exercising. Fikenzer et al., compared the effects of wearing no mask, a surgical mask, or a N95 mask on cardiopulmonary and metabolic responses. The researchers had the participants wear two masks. The mask they were testing (N95 or surgical) and the one for metabolic measures. The masks for the metabolic measures are fairly uncomfortable already so  wearing two masks would make everything harder. The untrained participants then completed an incremental exercise test. 

The authors found there were no significant differences between no mask and a surgical mask for all of the performance, pulmonary, and hemodynamic parameters. This indicates wearing a surgical mask won’t make a difference to your body, physiologically, during exercise. However, the N95 mask showed larger negative effects on pulmonary parameters than a normal surgical mask, and both masks significantly reduced forced expiratory volume and forced vital capacity. That’s no surprise because masks are supposed to reduce forward particle velocity, thus lowering the risk of infection for those around you. From this data we can surmise that wearing a surgical mask doesn’t make much of a difference in physiological measures compared to no mask, but N95 masks might lower your performance. 

The second exercise study using masks was published by Epstein et al. The authors compared the physiological effects of wearing surgical masks and N95 masks during a short‐term strenuous workout. The authors also used an incremental exercise test  on a cycle ergometer. They concluded that ..”short‐term moderate‐strenuous aerobic physical activity with a mask is feasible, safe, and associated with only minor changes in physiological parameters, particularly a mild increase in EtCO2.” The mild increase in end tidal CO2 can be explained by the fact that re‐breathing the expired air that remains within the mask causes mild hypercapnia. Hypercapnia is CO2 retention in the blood and is caused by failure to remove excess CO2 in the body. This could be an issue for people who  are unhealthy and can’t adapt — like people with pulmonary diseases — but not for healthy people. A limitation of the study is that the authors used nasal prongs so that participants couldn’t breath out of their nose, which isn’t realistic for using a mask, though does provide scientific validity. 

Unlike the previous two studies, the benefit of the current study is that it mimics what we do in the gym. Most people wear cloth or surgical masks, not N95s. The limitation to this study, and others referenced above, is that they’re testing maximal effort. When you’re going to the max nothing is comfortable. Yet, we seldom exercise at a maximal capacity. So we don’t know how a mask does or does not change a typical 30-90 minute workout in the gym. I would hypothesize that RPE might slowly increase over time. Another major limitation is this study started in September by which most people had probably adjusted to wearing a mask. The authors should have asked a few simple questions about the participants’ history of wearing a mask while exercising. Since these people had been exercising for 4-5 hours a week they probably had worn a mask for some of it and there may be some type of mental adaptation that occurs over time. 

 

How can we apply this?

We can understand that wearing a mask, while uncomfortable, doesn’t hinder our workouts on a physiological level or put healthy people at risk of having oxygen deficits. 

 

What’s next?

At the time of this article two vaccines have been approved for COVID-19, so hopefully we won’t have to deal with masks too much longer. However, a simple next step would be to do a full workout or a few weeks of training in a mask to see if there are any differences with training adaptations over time. 

 

Study #2 

Title: Estimating Repetitions in Reserve for Resistance Exercise

Question: Does knowing the weight on the bar influence your RPE?

Why

RPE Scale
RPE Scale

The first study on rate of perceived exertion (RPE) with repetitions in reserve (RIR) was published a mere five years ago, but the idea was established long before that by Mike Tuscherer (2008). This programming method shifts away from reps and sets based on the percentage of 1RM and towards autoregulation. One of the main reasons we might want to not use 1RM based training is so that we don’t actually have to do 1RM testing. Most people don’t need to do 1RMs (including athletes) and they can also increase the risk of injury. We also have day-to-day fluctuations in how we’re feeling, so autoregulation methods give us a method to adjust training quickly.

 

The RPE/RIR scale was, in part, inspired by the estimation of reps to failure (ERF) scale. ERF is based on a simple inverse scale, where the ERF number corresponds to the reps to failure. 

 

 

RIR Scale
RIR Scale

In the first study on ERF, RIR were given by bodybuilders during a 70% 1RM set, then participants continued to failure to see how close they were to their estimation. The authors found strong positive correlations between estimated- and actual-repetitions-to- failure across all participants. Interestingly, participants underestimated reps to failure by ~1 during the first set and accurately predicted reps to failure on the subsequent sets. Therefore, the ERF scale was found as a useful tool in predicting effort and could be useful to assess effort during sets when not going to failure, and could help with the planning of training. 

 

The first study on the RPE/RIR scale was published by  Zourdos et al in 2016.. The primary aim of that study was to compare RPE/RIR at different intensities of 1RM in experienced and novice squatters. There was a strong inverse correlation (r = -0.88) between average rep velocity and RPE/RIR. They also found that RPE aligned with 1RM with 94% of experienced squatters giving an RPE of  >9.5 at their 1RM. This data indicates that RPE/RIR is a good measure of intensity. 

RPE/RIR faced an obstacle shortly after it was created. A massive study (n = 140) showed that people underestimated RPE/RIR by 2-3 reps. The problem with this study was that the participants only did a single set to failure and they weren’t familiar with the RPE system. Another study by Zourdos et al., found that being farther from failure and having high rep sets are associated with more inaccurate predictions of RPE/RIR. This begs the question: are there any other circumstances that can influence RPE/RIR?

The primary goal of the current study by Mansfield et al., was to determine whether the accuracy of RIR estimates for trained individuals is influenced by knowing the load being lifted. A secondary aim was to examine whether the accuracy of RIR estimates is affected by the actual load being lifted (60 vs. 80% of 1RM). 

Who

There were 20 healthy men with an average age of ~25 who weighed about 86.5kg. All of the participants were trained and completed at least 2 sessions per week for 2 years. They had no prior experience with the RPE/RIR system. 

Study Details

The study was a mixed design. There were between-subject comparisons to determine the effect of blinding the load lifted. There were also within-subject comparisons to determine 60% and 80% of 1RM bench press and prone row. 

The participants in the nonblinded group were told the amount of weight added to the bar and how many repetitions they could expect to complete at the load, based on estimates from established calculations. Participants in the blinded condition were not told either weight or expected reps. Cardboard screens were placed on both sides of the barbell and the weights were wrapped in a black bag to prevent participants in the blinded condition from seeing how much they were lifting. 

Bench press and prone row, sets to failure at different percentages of 1RM

The authors estimated that participants could complete ~15 repetitions at 60% 1RM and 6-8 repetitions at 80% 1RM based on previous research. However, when they did pilot testing they found that the maximum number of reps per set declined over time. If you’ve ever gone to failure on multiple sets this has probably happened. You can do 15 reps, then 13 or 12, etc., if you don’t decrease the weight.

During the 60% and 80% testing phase, participants were asked to estimate RPE/RIR on the 8th repetition during the 60% protocol and on the 3rd repetition on the 80% protocol. 

Results

There was no difference in blinding and not blinding participants on any of the outcome measures. Therefore, the groups were combined in the analysis. This tells us that it doesn’t matter if you know the load on the bar for RPE/RIR accuracy. 

When the authors compared estimated to actual RIR the greatest difference was during the first. At 60% of 1RM bench press the  estimates were off by a whopping 7 reps. The participants rebounded quickly because the next set they were only off by 1-2 reps and there was no statistical difference between estimated and actual RIR. They were much closer to estimating RPE/RIR with the 80% 1RM bench press, but still off a few reps on the first set. 

Estimated vs. Actual RIR in Bench Press
Estimated vs. Actual RIR in Bench Press

 

Likewise, the authors compared estimated to actual RIR with the prone row. The greatest difference was during the first set for both 60% and 80% of 1RM. Afterward, the estimated and actual RIR was roughly the same for the second two sets. 

Estimated vs. Actual RIR in Prone Row
Estimated vs. Actual RIR in Prone Row

 

Author’s Answer

“Our investigation shows that use of theRIR method is not influenced by the athlete’s knowledge of the load being lifted during a set and therefore is a viable strategy of autoregulation able to be used in resistance training.”

My Answer

RPE/RIR was built on the idea of estimating 1RM without actually doing one. Then researchers pivoted to using it for autoregulation. That seems reasonable because the rate of recovery from training and the rate of adaptation are individual, so RPE/RIR gives us an easy way to control what we do in the gym depending on how we’re feeling. 

The current study wanted to know if seeing the weight on the bar influences the number of reps you do at a certain RPE. It doesn’t. Covering the weight on the bar may seem odd, but powerlifters have used this method for a long time to help them get past the mental blocks that occur with training. For example, if you’ve failed a 500lb squat multiple times, it may be in your head that you’re going to fail every time you try something at or above 500lb. There’s a whole field of sports psychology research that studies how athletes think about performance. The other component of covering the weight is that participants don’t have an anchor to how many reps they think they can do, so they wouldn’t be inspired to “beat the log book” to show progression.

The authors hypothesized that individuals would be more accurate with their RIR predictions when using 80% of 1RM over 60% of 1RM. They were correct, but the difference mainly occurred during the first set and not the second or third set. That might be because participants are fresh during the first set. As I mentioned in the intro, the first set seems to be the hardest to predict reps to failure. 

The other factor is these participants have never used the RPE system. If they ended up using weights they’ve never used in the gym it would be harder to predict reps. For example, let’s say my bench press max is 275lb. The 60% set would be at 165lbs and the 80% set would be at 220lb. There’s a good chance I don’t train with those exact numbers, so knowing them before I complete my set doesn’t help me predict my reps much. 

In the introduction I walked you through the progression of how RPE/RIR has been studied in the last few years. To little surprise, we’re slowly learning more over time. The field has also started to compare RPE/RIR based training to other styles. For example,  Helms et al., recently demonstrated that RPE/RIR load prescription resulted in greater back squat and bench press strength over 8 weeks than percentage-based load prescription in well-trained males. This makes a good case for using RPE for people who don’t need to 1RM (aka most people). 

How can we apply this?

We can use the RPE/RIR system and know that you can complete the most reps on the first set. Training to failure  prolongs  recovery time vs. nonfailure training, which could lead to diminished training frequency and volume. Using the RPE/RIR scale can help prevent training to failure if you can accurately predict where you’ll fail. 

What’s next?

It would be interesting to see how accurate RPE is over the course of an entire workout, or repeated workouts, rather than a few lifts. Do we get less accurate the more fatigue we accumulate? On a different note, does the environment matter – like  if we’re listening to music does that change our RPE/RIR?


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Written by
Brandon Roberts, PhD

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Intermittent Fasting and Time Restricted Feeding [Magic or Myth?]

Raise your hand if you’ve ever had someone tell you how amazing Intermittent Fasting is? …

Nutrition
7 Healthy Christmas Recipes – To Keep You On Track This Holiday!
Nutrition
7 Healthy Christmas Recipes – To Keep You On Track This Holiday!

It’s that time of year again, the Christmas spirit and cheer is here and along…

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Emotional Intelligence, Positivity, Being Present… Happiness.
Lifestyle
Emotional Intelligence, Positivity, Being Present… Happiness.

    I’ve had many people tell me that I never get mad, I’m always…

Lifestyle
"Rich is not What you have, it’s Who you have beside you."
Lifestyle
"Rich is not What you have, it’s Who you have beside you."

Sometimes horrible things, like nightmares, can be a blessing in disguise. I had a nightmare;…

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Food Wars!
Nutrition
Food Wars!

Today I am going to start a battle of food! Hopefully I can answer many…

Nutrition
A Strong Case For Tracking Macros
Nutrition
A Strong Case For Tracking Macros

You’ve probably heard of counting calories, but what about counting your macros? With any nutrition…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS.

It’s Boring & Un-Sexy… But it WORKS. Have you ever noticed that the strategies, methods,…

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8 Ways To Instantly Sleep Better
Lifestyle
8 Ways To Instantly Sleep Better

Sleep… None of us “get enough” and we all want “more hours in the day”……

Lifestyle
Top 4 Nutritional Questions, Answered
Nutrition
Top 4 Nutritional Questions, Answered

Being in the fitness industry I get a TON of questions about just about everything,…

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Prescription Weight Loss Drugs: Potential Risks & Benefits
Nutrition
Prescription Weight Loss Drugs: Potential Risks & Benefits

An introduction into weight loss prescription drugs Losing weight can be a journey full of…

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What Does Your Body Store As Fat Easiest? Carbs vs. Fats
Nutrition
What Does Your Body Store As Fat Easiest? Carbs vs. Fats

Is it harder for the body to store carbs as fat, than it is to…

Nutrition
50 Science-Backed Anti-Aging Strategies For Life
Lifestyle
50 Science-Backed Anti-Aging Strategies For Life

Aging healthy, happy and with grace. Isn’t that what everybody wants? Many people think that…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] SIMPLICITY > complexity.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] SIMPLICITY > complexity.

SIMPLICITY > complexity. Have you ever noticed that successful people are always telling you to…

Daily Dose
21 Rep Schemes To End Training Boredom (And Shock New Muscle Growth)
Training
21 Rep Schemes To End Training Boredom (And Shock New Muscle Growth)

At some point in your training, the basics just get boring. Let’s face it. 5×5,…

Training
38 Tips To Burn MORE Fat
Nutrition
38 Tips To Burn MORE Fat

The second I finished my “46 Tips to Build More Muscle” blog, I knew I…

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What’s Your "WHY"?
Lifestyle
What’s Your "WHY"?

Todays post is all about the most important question we need to ask ourselves on…

Lifestyle
Keto: The Best or The Worst Diet For Fat Loss?
Nutrition
Keto: The Best or The Worst Diet For Fat Loss?

A recent study showed that keto doesn’t work like many people once thought it did……

Nutrition
Top 7 Nutrition Mistakes CrossFit Athletes Make
Nutrition
Top 7 Nutrition Mistakes CrossFit Athletes Make

CrossFit is an incredibly demanding sport and taxing on the body. A combination of pure…

Nutrition
How To Use Supersets In Your Training
Training
How To Use Supersets In Your Training

Training Intensification Tip Part 1: Supersets Intensification techniques, also known as advanced techniques, are a…

Training
Do Macro-Based Diets Actually Work? (The What, Why, & How of IIFYM)
Nutrition
Do Macro-Based Diets Actually Work? (The What, Why, & How of IIFYM)

Macro based diets are pretty common inside of the nutrition world right now (have been…

Nutrition
Old Geezer Metabolic Syndrome
Nutrition
Old Geezer Metabolic Syndrome

“So, it’s happening to you too? Your metabolism keeps slowing down each and every birthday?” …

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Research Roundup (Exercise Order and Fast vs. Slow Weight Loss)
Nutrition
Research Roundup (Exercise Order and Fast vs. Slow Weight Loss)

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

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How and Why To Use Diet Breaks [Research Review: The ICECAP Trial]
Nutrition
How and Why To Use Diet Breaks [Research Review: The ICECAP Trial]

Research Review #10 Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS*D Chief Science Officer *Note from Brandon: if you…

Nutrition
The Definitive Guide To Thyroid Health
guides
The Definitive Guide To Thyroid Health

With the increasing popularity of the topic ‘hormones’ the thyroid gland has also received more…

guides
How To Properly Warm Up, For Strength Training
Training
How To Properly Warm Up, For Strength Training

Warming up for a strength training session is often a boring, yet unbelievably critical, task…

Training
How To Avoid Injury
Training
How To Avoid Injury

Injury prevention is something I’ve had many people ask me to write about, and I’ve…

Training
Top Strategies For Mastering Your Meal Prep
Nutrition
Top Strategies For Mastering Your Meal Prep

When counting macros, consistency is the name of the game! I’m sure you’ve heard nutrition…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Your Circle Determines Your Growth
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Your Circle Determines Your Growth

Your Circle Determines Your Growth If you’re a hip-hop fan, you probably know of Nipsey…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] FULFILLMENT > satisfaction
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] FULFILLMENT > satisfaction

FULFILLMENT > satisfaction Something I’ve always struggled with is not being satisfied with anything… I…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] If people hate, it means you’re winning.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] If people hate, it means you’re winning.

If people hate, it means you’re winning. When I say hate, I don’t just mean…

Daily Dose
7 Things Killing Your Testosterone [AND The Solutions]
Physiology
7 Things Killing Your Testosterone [AND The Solutions]

Fill In Your Email Address Below To Receive Your FREE Downloadable Copy Of This Infographic…

Physiology
[Daily Dose] Nobody is Self-Made.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Nobody is Self-Made.

Nobody is Self-Made. We’re here out in Arizona for a team retreat and wow… my…

Daily Dose
13 Things That Make A Perfect Diet
Nutrition
13 Things That Make A Perfect Diet

There is no such thing as a “perfect diet”… Even though I did record a…

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Your “Part by Part” Guide To More Muscle, Less Fat.
Training
Your “Part by Part” Guide To More Muscle, Less Fat.

First and foremost, let’s talk about whom this article is for. Plain and simple, this…

Training
Recovery 101 (Discover What Actually Determines Your Results)
Nutrition
Recovery 101 (Discover What Actually Determines Your Results)

I actually couldn’t believe the result when this study came out… But when I really…

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Why Losing Weight Gets Harder and Harder… [& How To STOP It!]
Lifestyle
Why Losing Weight Gets Harder and Harder… [& How To STOP It!]

The majority of the people I work with, including myself, want to lose body fat….

Lifestyle
Relationship Status : "Dieting"
Nutrition
Relationship Status : "Dieting"

Today is not about a strategy to lose more weight, a new theory on building…

Nutrition
High Carb Diets Work Better For Fat Loss Than Low Carb Diets
Nutrition
High Carb Diets Work Better For Fat Loss Than Low Carb Diets

What if I Told You That Science Says Low Carb Diets Suck…? ….for fat loss…

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"The Perfect Diet: Paleo + IIFYM + Intermittent Fasting" Ft. on DrJohnRusin.com
Nutrition
"The Perfect Diet: Paleo + IIFYM + Intermittent Fasting" Ft. on DrJohnRusin.com

Getting stuck into a dogmatic approach or claiming a “camp” with your nutrition, is dumb….

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How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques
Training
How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques

How to Intensify Your Workout: 7 Proven Training Techniques What happens when you feel your…

Training
[Daily Dose] Gratitude Is MOTIVATION.
Daily Dose
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Gratitude Is MOTIVATION. People are constantly seeking things to motivate them more… You probably do…

Daily Dose
Fish Oil Supplementation 101
guides
Fish Oil Supplementation 101

Fish oil supplements are widely used for their health and wellness benefits. Fish oil is…

guides
A Day in The ‘Not So Average’ Life of Boom-Boom : Vlog Ep.1
Lifestyle
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Tune in to what a Day in My Life looks like… We go from my…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Stop living with “what if’s….
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Stop living with “what if’s….

Stop living with “what if’s…. If you ask any person who is over the age…

Daily Dose
Cardio vs. Lifting… What’s Better For Fat Loss?
Training
Cardio vs. Lifting… What’s Better For Fat Loss?

Cardio vs. Lifting.  Which is better for fat loss or improved body composition?  As with…

Training
Navigating Through The Holidays (Realistic Holiday Health Outcomes)
Lifestyle
Navigating Through The Holidays (Realistic Holiday Health Outcomes)

This isn’t your typical “Thanksgiving Survival Guide” nutrition blog that’s going to save you from…

Lifestyle
How to Build Lasting Habits, While Breaking The Ones Holding You Back
Lifestyle
How to Build Lasting Habits, While Breaking The Ones Holding You Back

Have you ever wondered how some people seem to effortlessly follow through with their workout…

Lifestyle
Resistance Training vs. Cardio PT.2 [Ending The Debate]
Training
Resistance Training vs. Cardio PT.2 [Ending The Debate]

What’s better – Resistance Training or Cardio, ending the debate once and for all The…

Training
5 Recipes That’ll Make You Want To ‘Eat Yo Greens!’
Nutrition
5 Recipes That’ll Make You Want To ‘Eat Yo Greens!’

One of the biggest struggles for me when I started “Dieting”, I hate that word…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Fuck mediocrity.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Fuck mediocrity.

Fuck mediocrity. Look around. At each area of your life. Your body. Your mind. Your…

Daily Dose
Better Gut, Better Abs.
Nutrition
Better Gut, Better Abs.

  Do the things I’m going to share with you in this article today, and…

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Are Body Fat Machines Accurate? [Truth About Body Fat Testing]
Coaching
Are Body Fat Machines Accurate? [Truth About Body Fat Testing]

That’s a question I get quite often inside of our coaching practice and rightfully so,…

Coaching
Is It Healthy To Be A Vegetarian? (Putting Ethics Aside)
Lifestyle
Is It Healthy To Be A Vegetarian? (Putting Ethics Aside)

What is the healthiest way to eat? What is the best way to eat to…

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The Decline Of Male Testosterone (Why It’s At An All Time Low)
Nutrition
The Decline Of Male Testosterone (Why It’s At An All Time Low)

Testosterone is perhaps the most well known and most sought after hormone in the male…

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Why Losing Weight Fast Is A Bad Idea.
Nutrition
Why Losing Weight Fast Is A Bad Idea.

  Losing weight fast is a very popular topic in the fitness and nutrition industry….

Nutrition
Sleep = Results Part 2
Lifestyle
Sleep = Results Part 2

 So we talked about sleep and why it directly links to your results in the…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] 6 Quotes + 3 Steps To Supercharge Your Monday
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] 6 Quotes + 3 Steps To Supercharge Your Monday

6 Quotes + 3 Steps To Supercharge Your Monday Today, I need to bring some…

Daily Dose
How Hormones Influence Fat Loss and Muscle Growth
Fat Loss
How Hormones Influence Fat Loss and Muscle Growth

Achieving your fitness goals, whether it’s shedding unwanted fat or gaining lean muscle, goes beyond…

Fat Loss
Concurrent Training: A Practical Guide, Backed By Science
guides
Concurrent Training: A Practical Guide, Backed By Science

Introduction: What is Concurrent Training? Concurrent training consists of combining aerobic/anaerobic training (e.g., long distance…

guides
Understanding Gut Health (How Your Gut Determines Your Health)
Nutrition
Understanding Gut Health (How Your Gut Determines Your Health)

We covered probiotics a few weeks ago, which just barely scratched the surface of gut…

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Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE) vs. Percentage Based Training (PBT)
Science
Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE) vs. Percentage Based Training (PBT)

Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE) vs. Percentage Based Training (PBT) Training intensity is more than…

Science
"Eating Organic" – All Hype? Or Vital For Health?
Nutrition
"Eating Organic" – All Hype? Or Vital For Health?

Organic food…. Is it worth the extra money? Will you get sick and diet if…

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5 Reasons Meal Timing Matters
Nutrition
5 Reasons Meal Timing Matters

Meal timing was a HUGE thing in the fitness, health and nutrition industry for a…

Nutrition
Muscle Growth For The Female Lifter
Nutrition
Muscle Growth For The Female Lifter

Gaining – a scary word for most women to hear or even think about, especially…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] TRY HARDER.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] TRY HARDER.

TRY HARDER. Try harder. Period. And I should just end it here. Because honestly… why…

Daily Dose
5 Ways To Burn MORE Fat Daily
Nutrition
5 Ways To Burn MORE Fat Daily

Today, you will learn 5 ways you can burn more fat on a daily basis……

Nutrition
What I’ve Learned From Setting Targets Too Big
Lifestyle
What I’ve Learned From Setting Targets Too Big

Things that take hard work, scare you quite a bit, push you further and harder…

Lifestyle
Contagious Inspiration
Coaching
Contagious Inspiration

Have you ever been inspired by someone? I mean like, truly moved and motivated to…

Coaching
A Day in The Not So Average Life – VLOG Ep.2
Lifestyle
A Day in The Not So Average Life – VLOG Ep.2

For a chance to start your 30 day transformation, visit the links below! The 30…

Lifestyle
How Your Testosterone Levels Impact Muscle Growth
Hormones
How Your Testosterone Levels Impact Muscle Growth

Table of Contents Introduction: Understanding the role of testosterone in muscle growth The science of…

Hormones
[Daily Dose] Quick results are a lie.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Quick results are a lie.

Quick results are a lie. I’d have you consider that success isn’t an easy game…

Daily Dose
Nutritional Periodization For Fat Loss
Nutrition
Nutritional Periodization For Fat Loss

This is my second time writing this article, to be honest. The first go around…

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[Daily Dose] Don’t Live With “What If’s”
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Don’t Live With “What If’s”

Don’t Live With “What If’s” If you ask any person who is over the age…

Daily Dose
25 Ways To Be Awesome
Lifestyle
25 Ways To Be Awesome

Being awesome is to say the least, well its awesome. So in my opinion everyone…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] The Greats and YOU… Are the same.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Greats and YOU… Are the same.

The Greats and YOU… Are the same. Here’s some crazy facts for you, to show…

Daily Dose
The Beginner’s Guide Series [ALL VIDEOS]
Nutrition
The Beginner’s Guide Series [ALL VIDEOS]

My goal with this blog, is to bring all of “The Beginner’s Guide” videos to…

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Biofeedback (The Most Important Metrics You’re Not Tracking)
Nutrition
Biofeedback (The Most Important Metrics You’re Not Tracking)

“Biofeedback…? What exactly is that and why should I care about it?” Biofeedback – a…

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The Ultimate Evidence Based Supplement Guide
guides
The Ultimate Evidence Based Supplement Guide

The supplement industry is MASSIVE. In fact, it’s currently a 36.6 Billion Dollar Industry. Crazy,…

guides
The World’s Greatest Morning Routine (Use This Proven Point System)
guides
The World’s Greatest Morning Routine (Use This Proven Point System)

That’s a bold statement… the world’s GREATEST morning routine. But in all honesty, I truly…

guides
The Busy Man’s Fit Guide
Nutrition
The Busy Man’s Fit Guide

“You practically live in the gym, Cody. And even when you’re not literally there, you’re…

Nutrition
What Do YOU Stand For?
Lifestyle
What Do YOU Stand For?

What do you stand for? No really, don’t just read that… Ask yourself and seriously…

Lifestyle
The Mind Muscle Connection: The Key To Better Awareness, Injury Prevention, and Progress
Training
The Mind Muscle Connection: The Key To Better Awareness, Injury Prevention, and Progress

When it comes to increasing muscle mass and getting stronger, there are a number of…

Training
Training in a Hotel or Apartment Gym (VLOG – Complete Workout, Coached Through)
Training
Training in a Hotel or Apartment Gym (VLOG – Complete Workout, Coached Through)

This Workout Program (Below) 1.) Ankle, Hip and Thoracic Mobility – 5-10 Min 2a.) DB…

Training
Can You Drink Alcohol and Lose Fat?
guides
Can You Drink Alcohol and Lose Fat?

Alcohol… Whether it’s Monday Night Football, summertime BBQ’s, date night with your wife, or just…

guides
How To Lean Bulk Properly (Build Muscle, Without Gaining Fat)
Nutrition
How To Lean Bulk Properly (Build Muscle, Without Gaining Fat)

Table of Contents What Is A Lean Bulk? What Is Dirty Bulking? Who Should Lean…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] “WHY NOT YOU….?”
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] “WHY NOT YOU….?”

“WHY NOT YOU….?” There’s something about being a human that innately slows you down or…

Daily Dose
The Ultimate Guide to Fitness and Nutrition Coaching
Coaching
The Ultimate Guide to Fitness and Nutrition Coaching

Why You Should Hire An Online Fitness and Nutrition Coach First and foremost, it should…

Coaching
Does Training To Failure Maximize Strength and Hypertrophy? [Research Review]
Training
Does Training To Failure Maximize Strength and Hypertrophy? [Research Review]

Research Review #10 Brandon Roberts, Ph.D., CSCS*D Chief Science Officer *Note from Brandon: if you…

Training
11 Things to Step Up Your Diet Game
Nutrition
11 Things to Step Up Your Diet Game

1.)  Water.  I put this as number one because it is obvious but not done…

Nutrition
Downhill Metabolisms [What Actually Happens When We Diet]
Nutrition
Downhill Metabolisms [What Actually Happens When We Diet]

For a while you could hear the words “broken metabolism” everywhere in the online space….

Nutrition
3 Steps To Building A Better Butt
Training
3 Steps To Building A Better Butt

When I decided to write this article, my first thought was actually just being surprised…

Training
FAQ: Tracking Macros (What You Need To Know, Before Tracking Macros)
Nutrition
FAQ: Tracking Macros (What You Need To Know, Before Tracking Macros)

For years you have been calling people who track their macros, record their food, and…

Nutrition
What SHOULD & SHOULDN’T Run Through Your Mind, On Your Death Bed
Lifestyle
What SHOULD & SHOULDN’T Run Through Your Mind, On Your Death Bed

I get asked the questions, “If I could recommend one book, what would it be?”…

Lifestyle
Should You Do A Bikini Competition?
Coaching
Should You Do A Bikini Competition?

I honestly can’t believe that just over a year ago I was going hard in…

Coaching
10 Things People Who Stay Lean Year Around Do. (#7 Will Surprise You)
Coaching
10 Things People Who Stay Lean Year Around Do. (#7 Will Surprise You)

When it comes to creating the lean body we all want, the ultimate goal is…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel.

It’s not what you do, it’s how you feel. Maya Angelou has a famous quote,…

Daily Dose
How To Create The Most Effective Full Body Training Program
guides
How To Create The Most Effective Full Body Training Program

Full Body vs. Split Training…? Which is better? This question has been answered by 1,000,000…

guides
[Daily Dose] Eliminate These 2 Things In Order To Get Better Results
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Eliminate These 2 Things In Order To Get Better Results

Eliminate These 2 Things In Order To Get Better Results There are TWO very specific…

Daily Dose
The Simplicity Of Success
Nutrition
The Simplicity Of Success

I’m a trainer at a gym (the best gym in state… just sayin’), I am…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The Pursuit of Fulfillment
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Pursuit of Fulfillment

The Pursuit of Fulfillment Someone asked me on my IG story Q&A the other day,…

Daily Dose
Body Recomposition (Learn To Burn Fat and Build Muscle, Simultaneously)
guides
Body Recomposition (Learn To Burn Fat and Build Muscle, Simultaneously)

Depending on what studies you read, you might find that, technically, building muscle while burning…

guides
Is Food Addiction Real? A Comprehensive Guide.
Nutrition
Is Food Addiction Real? A Comprehensive Guide.

Food Addiction: The Science Behind Our Cravings You’ve just polished off a satisfying dinner, but…

Nutrition
The Hero’s Journey To Total Transformation
Nutrition
The Hero’s Journey To Total Transformation

If you’re a movie geek like me, you know exactly what the hero’s journey truly is….

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Patience, Persistence, & Positive People.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Patience, Persistence, & Positive People.

Patience, Persistence, & Positive People. If there was ever a formula for success… this is…

Daily Dose
Stay Fit While Traveling
Lifestyle
Stay Fit While Traveling

Traveling while in the middle of working towards your fitness goals can be stressful for…

Lifestyle
Top 3 Micronutrients You Are Missing, Yet Desperately Need
Nutrition
Top 3 Micronutrients You Are Missing, Yet Desperately Need

At some point in time, micronutrients became really uncool to consider as an important part…

Nutrition
5 Travel Strategies To Avoid Falling Off The Wagon
Lifestyle
5 Travel Strategies To Avoid Falling Off The Wagon

Travel is a part of life no matter if it’s for work or pleasure, with…

Lifestyle
[VIDEO BLOG] Strength Training For Fat Loss
Training
[VIDEO BLOG] Strength Training For Fat Loss

When it comes to fat loss… you shouldn’t “Train for Fat Loss”… You should “Train…

Training
[Daily Dose] Just Show Up.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Just Show Up.

Just Show Up. Hey. I’ve been sitting here staring at a blank screen for at…

Daily Dose
10 Things Most Coaches Won’t Tell You (The Reality Of Fat Loss)
Nutrition
10 Things Most Coaches Won’t Tell You (The Reality Of Fat Loss)

Today on my instagram story, I shared this current progress picture of myself… (Top is now, bottom…

Nutrition
[VIDEO] Individualizing Your Calorie Intake
Nutrition
[VIDEO] Individualizing Your Calorie Intake

The key to actually seeing success from a nutrition plan or diet protocol, is individualizing…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Have you quit yet?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Have you quit yet?

Have you quit yet? It’s February 1st today… So that means you need to audit…

Daily Dose
Why You Are Fat, Lazy and Tired All The Time.
Lifestyle
Why You Are Fat, Lazy and Tired All The Time.

I know the title of this article is a little harsh, blunt and “in your…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] What If You Couldn’t Fail…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] What If You Couldn’t Fail…?

What If You Couldn’t Fail…? I was asked this question recently and it literally stopped…

Daily Dose
How Much Protein Can You Absorb In One Meal?
Nutrition
How Much Protein Can You Absorb In One Meal?

What Does “Protein Absorption” Mean…? From a nutritional view, absorption describes the passage of nutrients…

Nutrition
Take Advantage of Our Personal Trainer App with These 13 Tips
Training
Take Advantage of Our Personal Trainer App with These 13 Tips

When someone, i.e. you, wants to decrease their body fat, increase their strength or muscle…

Training
The ABSOLUTE Best Way To Burn Fat
Training
The ABSOLUTE Best Way To Burn Fat

Everyone always wants to know, “What’s the absolute best way to burn fat?!” And I…

Training
EPISODE 8: Trust The Process
Nutrition
EPISODE 8: Trust The Process

Week 7 is complete, week 8 is here and my physique show feels like it…

Nutrition
Training To Failure (Yes or No?) and New Year Resolutions (How To Not Fail) – February Research Review
Science
Training To Failure (Yes or No?) and New Year Resolutions (How To Not Fail) – February Research Review

*Note from Brandon: if you want to learn how to interpret research go read each…

Science
[Daily Dose] The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU.

The Only Person in Your Way, is YOU. There’s so many of us who want…

Daily Dose
How To Create The Best Training Atmosphere
Training
How To Create The Best Training Atmosphere

When it comes to training there are so many aspects to think about, especially if…

Training
Your Guide To Better Sleep [Why you Need it & How to Optimize it]
guides
Your Guide To Better Sleep [Why you Need it & How to Optimize it]

Proper, healthy sleep is critical in our body’s ability to recover from the daily challenges…

guides
[Daily Dose] They Thought They Took Steroids…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] They Thought They Took Steroids…

They Thought They Took Steroids… This is probably the most remarkable study ever done inside…

Daily Dose
EPISODE 4: Create Habits, Achieve Results
Lifestyle
EPISODE 4: Create Habits, Achieve Results

Week 4 has begun! That means I got through the first quarter of the game,…

Lifestyle
CASE STUDY CLIENT [Breaking The Diet-Rebound Cycle]
Coaching
CASE STUDY CLIENT [Breaking The Diet-Rebound Cycle]

Goodbye All-or-nothing Mindset, Hello sustainable Weight Loss! Maybe you can relate – You are great…

Coaching
The Elimination Diet
Nutrition
The Elimination Diet

“Why on earth would I want to completely remove all that stuff, which I enjoy…

Nutrition
The Funeral Question
Lifestyle
The Funeral Question

So…. It’s Monday…. Another week, but unlike the mass majority of the population… this gets…

Lifestyle
Your Bikini Competition Crash Course (What-To-Know Before Competing)
Coaching
Your Bikini Competition Crash Course (What-To-Know Before Competing)

Heading into my first bikini competition I had at least one hundred random questions.  Even…

Coaching
EPISODE 6: 5 Steps To Habitual Lifestyle Changes
Lifestyle
EPISODE 6: 5 Steps To Habitual Lifestyle Changes

I am officially six days away from the half way marker of this 12-week journey……

Lifestyle
How To Get 6-Pack Abs (3-Step Guide To A Shredded Core)
guides
How To Get 6-Pack Abs (3-Step Guide To A Shredded Core)

  How To Get 6-Pack Abs Table of Contents How To Get 6-Pack Abs 1….

guides
Second podcast
Coaching
Second podcast
Coaching
The Complete Guide To Using Cluster Sets (What? Why? How?)
guides
The Complete Guide To Using Cluster Sets (What? Why? How?)

Cluster Sets are a training method that has been around for a VERY long period…

guides
Your Nutrition Strategy Heading Into The Open
Nutrition
Your Nutrition Strategy Heading Into The Open

Do you workout fasted or are you one of those people who absolutely has to…

Nutrition
37 Power Foods For Men
Nutrition
37 Power Foods For Men

THIS IS NOT CLICKBATE! These are REAL foods that men THRIVE off of. I had…

Nutrition
"Selfish" or "Self-Interested"
Nutrition
"Selfish" or "Self-Interested"

Are you Selfish? Or Self-Interested…? Have you ever felt selfish for trying to start something…

Nutrition
The 10 Rituals For Better Living
Lifestyle
The 10 Rituals For Better Living

If you follow my blog pretty consistently, you’ve probably been noticing that I have been…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Why you hate Monday.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Why you hate Monday.

Why you hate Monday. Hating Monday is a sign that you have a lack of…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] MJ, Kobe, Tom Brady… You.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] MJ, Kobe, Tom Brady… You.

MJ, Kobe, Tom Brady… You. Full context here – I don’t like watching sports, AT…

Daily Dose
11 Life Changing Facts About Intermittent Fasting
Nutrition
11 Life Changing Facts About Intermittent Fasting

Intermittent Fasting is a pretty popular, yet controversial, topic that’s been floating around in the…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] How To Turn A Bad Day Around
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] How To Turn A Bad Day Around

How To Turn A Bad Day Around I had a pretty shitty day today. Yesterday,…

Daily Dose
[VIDEO BLOG] The Purpose of Reverse Dieting
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] The Purpose of Reverse Dieting

Reverse Dieting… This is a really hot topic right now, but why? What’s the ACTUAL purpose…

Nutrition
Cardio 101 (8 Proven Methods To Upgrade Your Conditioning)
Training
Cardio 101 (8 Proven Methods To Upgrade Your Conditioning)

Cardio is something that most of us avoid, some of us hate, and very few…

Training
The Secret To Success
Coaching
The Secret To Success

  This weekend, I learned the secret to success. Not how the most rapid fat…

Coaching
5 Tips For More Consistency
Training
5 Tips For More Consistency

  So many times we, yes I’m including myself, want to add all the little…

Training
Being Real About CrossFit – The Good and The Bad
Nutrition
Being Real About CrossFit – The Good and The Bad

For the past 6 months, I’ve been infatuated with CrossFit. And when I say CrossFit,…

Nutrition
How To Track Macros When Eating At Restaurants
guides
How To Track Macros When Eating At Restaurants

  How To Track Macros When Eating At Restaurants Table of Contents How To Track…

guides
EPISODE 9: Associate Pain vs Pleasure to Commit to Success
Nutrition
EPISODE 9: Associate Pain vs Pleasure to Commit to Success

Week 9 people! I got to be honest… I’m addicted to this lifestyle. In other…

Nutrition
Yoga For Meatheads (Should Weightlifters Do Yoga?)
Training
Yoga For Meatheads (Should Weightlifters Do Yoga?)

Many guys (and even gals) who are into strength training switch off when they hear…

Training
[Daily Dose] WTF is President’s Day…?
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] WTF is President’s Day…?

WTF is President’s Day…? Yesterday, one of my employees texted me asking if we had…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Repeat After Me…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Repeat After Me…

Repeat After Me… This will be short, not necessarily sweet, and very much to the…

Daily Dose
Harnessing the Power of Antioxidants: Your Complete Guide
Nutrition
Harnessing the Power of Antioxidants: Your Complete Guide

Welcome to our ultimate guide to antioxidants. This is your go-to resource for everything you…

Nutrition
Entrepreneur’s NEED To Take Their Health Seriously, More Than Most.
Lifestyle
Entrepreneur’s NEED To Take Their Health Seriously, More Than Most.

If you’re a business owner, entrepreneur of any kind, intrepreneur on a serious grind for…

Lifestyle
Steps to Success
Lifestyle
Steps to Success

Most people do not truly understand what it takes to become successful, I’m yet to…

Lifestyle
Get Shredded for Summer! [Free Diet Plan]
Nutrition
Get Shredded for Summer! [Free Diet Plan]

  What is the best fat loss diet plan? I always get that question and…

Nutrition
How Much Protein Is Too Much? [What The Research Says]
Nutrition
How Much Protein Is Too Much? [What The Research Says]

I have heard countless times, whether in magazines, from YouTubers, vegans and even health professionals…

Nutrition
Designing The Perfect Workout Finisher
Training
Designing The Perfect Workout Finisher

Let’s talk about finishers. First – what exactly IS a finisher? You can’t beat the…

Training
3 Exercises That Should NEVER Leave Your Program
Training
3 Exercises That Should NEVER Leave Your Program

There is no “Best Exercise”, just like there is no “Best Diet”. That’s just the…

Training
The 10 Training Commandments
Training
The 10 Training Commandments

  After the popularity of my article, “The 10 Diet Commandments”, I decided to bring…

Training
Clean Eating VS. Tracking Macros
Nutrition
Clean Eating VS. Tracking Macros

So here’s my take on the “Clean Eating” diet… It can make you fatter, not…

Nutrition
"The Handful Diet" – Infographic, Meal Prep Template
Nutrition
"The Handful Diet" – Infographic, Meal Prep Template

For a printable version,that you can use at home or on the go to stay…

Nutrition
15 Challenging Workout Finishers You Need To Try
Training
15 Challenging Workout Finishers You Need To Try

You just finished your workout—you’re semi-gassed out, sweating from head to toe, each of your…

Training
[Daily Dose] 9 Habits That Increase Dietary Success
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] 9 Habits That Increase Dietary Success

9 Habits That Increase Dietary Success When it comes to ACTUALLY seeing success from your…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Growth must be forced.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Growth must be forced.

Growth must be forced. This is going to be short, to the point, and powerful…

Daily Dose
The 5 Metrics You MUST Be Measuring
Coaching
The 5 Metrics You MUST Be Measuring

Have you ever heard the saying, “what gets measured gets improved?” Progress can be measured…

Coaching
Metabolic Adaptation and Concurrent Training [October Research Round Up]
Nutrition
Metabolic Adaptation and Concurrent Training [October Research Round Up]

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The Gardener.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Gardener.

The Gardener. What does a gardener and a champion have in common? A Prolific Sense…

Daily Dose
EPISODE 7: Be Accountable, Become Successful
Nutrition
EPISODE 7: Be Accountable, Become Successful

Damn, it’s already week 7… I don’t mean “Damn” like it’s ONLY week 7, but…

Nutrition
My Interview on – ‘The Easy Wins Healthy Lifestyle Podcast’
Nutrition
My Interview on – ‘The Easy Wins Healthy Lifestyle Podcast’

When we talk about “Easy Wins” and “Healthy Lifestyle”… We need to discuss routines and…

Nutrition
The Ultimate Kettlebell Workout Guide
guides
The Ultimate Kettlebell Workout Guide

Kettlebell workouts are one of the most diverse training modalities out there. Depending on the…

guides
How To Make Your Own Pre-Workout (Science-Based Formula)
Science
How To Make Your Own Pre-Workout (Science-Based Formula)

Pre-workouts are a dime a dozen. If you use your favorite search engine you’ll soon…

Science
Client Case Study: 8 Months To Get Shredded
Coaching
Client Case Study: 8 Months To Get Shredded

I’m going to dive into the exact process of getting my man shown below, Jeremiah,…

Coaching
Boom Boom’s Excellent Adventure: Episode 1
Coaching
Boom Boom’s Excellent Adventure: Episode 1

Wow… I have a lot of respect for bodybuilders, bikini and physique competitors. Well, I…

Coaching
[Daily Dose] Winners Arent Afraid To Lose
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Winners Arent Afraid To Lose

Winner’s Aren’t Afraid To Lose. This actually comes straight out of a Chris Stapleton song,…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The gift is WITHIN the process…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The gift is WITHIN the process…

The gift is WITHIN the process… This week we’re hosting a coaching mastermind at the…

Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] If you take offense, you probably don’t take action
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] If you take offense, you probably don’t take action

If you take offense, you probably don’t take action Nothing is going to slow you…

Daily Dose
What is the easiest diet to stay on?
Nutrition
What is the easiest diet to stay on?

Over 15-million google searches tells us that this is one of the most commonly asked…

Nutrition
Stretching For Hypertrophy {Muscle Growth}: Does it work?
Training
Stretching For Hypertrophy {Muscle Growth}: Does it work?

Training Intensification Tip Part 2: Inter-set Stretching & Stretch Mediated Hypertrophy Intensification techniques, also known…

Training
Low Calorie Foods That Fill You Up
guides
Low Calorie Foods That Fill You Up

When you think about hunger, what comes to mind?  Pain in your abdomen or a…

guides
The Exact Breakfast For A Leaner Body [What To Eat & Why]
Nutrition
The Exact Breakfast For A Leaner Body [What To Eat & Why]

“Exactly What To Eat For Breakfast To Get A Leaner Body” Follow These Exact Breakfast…

Nutrition
The Thanksgiving Blueprint: [ How To Avoid Ruining YOUR Results ]
Nutrition
The Thanksgiving Blueprint: [ How To Avoid Ruining YOUR Results ]

Turkey Day is upon us and if you’re as excited as I am, then you’re…

Nutrition
Can I Exercise with a Muscle Strain?
Science
Can I Exercise with a Muscle Strain?

Muscle strains seem to happen at the most inopportune time. They are a common injury…

Science
[Daily Dose] They’re Tools, Not Time Machines!
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] They’re Tools, Not Time Machines!

They’re Tools, Not Time Machines! “Tools and time machines…? What the hell are you talking…

Daily Dose
"Post College Party Pouch"- Losing Weight After College
Nutrition
"Post College Party Pouch"- Losing Weight After College

College is full of beer, parties and cheap microwave dinners and although that may sound…

Nutrition
Top 3 Overrated Fads, in the Diet World
Nutrition
Top 3 Overrated Fads, in the Diet World

Today my goal is simple and hopefully a quick one… That is to break down,…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress

Understand Your Pain, Double Your Progress If you don’t know what copywriting is, it’s the…

Daily Dose
Getting Through The Holidays [Without Ruining Your Progress]
Nutrition
Getting Through The Holidays [Without Ruining Your Progress]

The holidays are a time for friends, family, and yes, lots of good food! But…

Nutrition
Body Fat Overshooting (Post Diet Consequences)
Nutrition
Body Fat Overshooting (Post Diet Consequences)

We live in what feels like the peak of a fad diet culture, where media…

Nutrition
25 Reasons Low Carb Diets Suck
Nutrition
25 Reasons Low Carb Diets Suck

Low Carb Diets… I’m not a fan. Just being honest. Why? Well, let me give…

Nutrition
The Stress ≤ Recovery Paradigm
Lifestyle
The Stress ≤ Recovery Paradigm

The Recovery Paradigm, something not many talk about – yet 100% of people are affected…

Lifestyle
The Final 10lbs…
Nutrition
The Final 10lbs…

The last 10lbs… It’s like the final put in a golf game. Precision comes into…

Nutrition
How Paleo Can Excel YOUR Results, Long-Term!
Nutrition
How Paleo Can Excel YOUR Results, Long-Term!

Paleo, paleo, paleo… Paleo is everywhere now! But really, what is paleo? Is it even…

Nutrition
[FREE NUTRITION COURSE] Learning How To Eat For Results, The Right Way.
Nutrition
[FREE NUTRITION COURSE] Learning How To Eat For Results, The Right Way.

Macro’s, Calories, “Clean Eating”, Food Tracking Software, Going Keto, Intermittent Fasting, Paleo… The fitness nutrition…

Nutrition
The 10 Diet Commandments
Nutrition
The 10 Diet Commandments

  In honor of the one of the greatest hip-hop artists to ever touch the…

Nutrition
Resistance. The #1 Thing Holding Us Back.
Coaching
Resistance. The #1 Thing Holding Us Back.

Overcoming resistance is success, period. To achieve a result, we need to overcome resistance. And…

Coaching
September Research Roundup (Alcohol & Fat Loss/Performance, Intermittent Fasting)
Nutrition
September Research Roundup (Alcohol & Fat Loss/Performance, Intermittent Fasting)

Each month I will cover two research articles on nutrition, training, sleep, supplements, or anything…

Nutrition
Are you eating enough?
Nutrition
Are you eating enough?

This is a question that I personally have had to ask many clients, even myself…

Nutrition
Overfeeding and Weight Gain (What Science Says About Our Metabolic Processes)
Nutrition
Overfeeding and Weight Gain (What Science Says About Our Metabolic Processes)

The fear of gaining weight is real. People who have lost a large amount of…

Nutrition
What Happens If You Eat Too Much Protein? (More Protein = More Fat Loss…)
Nutrition
What Happens If You Eat Too Much Protein? (More Protein = More Fat Loss…)

What is Protein Overfeeding? Protein overfeeding, commonly known as over-eating protein to the everyday individual,…

Nutrition
A Crash Course On Your Hormones (What You Need To Know)
guides
A Crash Course On Your Hormones (What You Need To Know)

You scroll through your Instagram and you read a post which says “Could your hormones…

guides
What Motivates You?
Lifestyle
What Motivates You?

“You have power over your mind – not outside events. Realize this, and you will…

Lifestyle
[Daily Dose] Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat.

Ready, Aim, FIRE. Repeat. I’m going to keep this short and sweet today. There is…

Daily Dose
Fat-Loss’s Worse Enemy… Stress.
Nutrition
Fat-Loss’s Worse Enemy… Stress.

Plateaus suck. Plain and simple, they suck. You’re losing weight, getting results, and out of…

Nutrition
13 Bulletproof (Yet Simple) Strategies To Maintain Progress During Vacation
Nutrition
13 Bulletproof (Yet Simple) Strategies To Maintain Progress During Vacation

Swimsuit. Sun Glasses. Print Airline Tickets. Pack Car. As you go through your vacation to-do…

Nutrition
"Fat-Burning Foods" [ Truth or Myth? ]
Nutrition
"Fat-Burning Foods" [ Truth or Myth? ]

Do you ever read media titles that say things like, “Eat Salmon to burn MORE…

Nutrition
Finding Your Protein Flavor
Nutrition
Finding Your Protein Flavor

What is Protein Powder Good For? Intense workouts cause damage to our muscles and we…

Nutrition
Why You SHOULD Drink Coffee… [Myths vs. Truth/Benefits]
Nutrition
Why You SHOULD Drink Coffee… [Myths vs. Truth/Benefits]

As a huge coffee lover, I’ve decided to take some time today to stand my…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action

People Who Take Offense, Don’t Take Action Nothing is going to slow you down more…

Daily Dose
The Ultimate Fat Loss Plan (The Final 5%)
Nutrition
The Ultimate Fat Loss Plan (The Final 5%)

I received a question on instagram the other day that said, “What would be your…

Nutrition
Cardio… what’s right, what sucks, and implementing it yourself.
Training
Cardio… what’s right, what sucks, and implementing it yourself.

Cardio… Man, it sucks. Plain and simple. None of us like it, yet all of…

Training
Do you Eat TOO Much Protein? or Not Enough?
Nutrition
Do you Eat TOO Much Protein? or Not Enough?

Love posting a status asking what y’all want to read about and getting TONS of…

Nutrition
EPISODE 12: Pancakes, Abs & Chasing Unicorns
Nutrition
EPISODE 12: Pancakes, Abs & Chasing Unicorns

LESS THAN 2 WEEKS OUT!!!! Wow…. I think it finally hit me that I will…

Nutrition
The "Handful" Diet
Nutrition
The "Handful" Diet

What you will find here today is, in my opinion, the easiest possible diet to…

Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] What is a refeed day? (NOT a cheat day!)
Nutrition
[VIDEO BLOG] What is a refeed day? (NOT a cheat day!)

Coach: “Alright! Day 1 starts tomorrow! I got your nutrition prescription as well as a guide…

Nutrition
How to Create A Fat Loss Meal Plan
Nutrition
How to Create A Fat Loss Meal Plan

First we need to define and differentiate the different kinds of diets you can follow…

Nutrition
Does Cortisol Affect Fat Loss?
Hormones
Does Cortisol Affect Fat Loss?

Do High Cortisol Levels Prevent Fat Loss From Occurring? [Research Review] Cortisol is a glucocorticoid…

Hormones
Boom-Boom’s Protein Balls [Recipe + Macros]
Nutrition
Boom-Boom’s Protein Balls [Recipe + Macros]

What could be a better snack then something high in protein, low in calories, easy…

Nutrition
11 Reasons You Need Fish Oil
Nutrition
11 Reasons You Need Fish Oil

Inflammation is the leading cause of chronic disease in today’s society. Thankfully, there are various…

Nutrition
Two-A-Day Training: Is More Better? Or Destructive?
Training
Two-A-Day Training: Is More Better? Or Destructive?

Training twice per day, also known as two-a-days, stems from the idea that more is…

Training
Nutrition For Pregnancy [Fueling Your Body Pre, During, & Post Pregnancy]
Nutrition
Nutrition For Pregnancy [Fueling Your Body Pre, During, & Post Pregnancy]

So you’re growing a human (or maybe thinking about growing a human) and therefore, you’re…

Nutrition
The Hypertrophy Guide
Science
The Hypertrophy Guide

First, let’s define hypertrophy and why you may want to strive for it: hy·per·tro·phy /hīˈpərtrəfē/…

Science
47 Simple Ways To Kick Start Your Fat Loss
Nutrition
47 Simple Ways To Kick Start Your Fat Loss

1.) Go Harder – You should be training hard. “Duh Boom Boom”… Yeah, well many…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The 10 Training Commandments.
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The 10 Training Commandments.

The 10 Training Commandments. Full transparency, I stole these from another strength coach (Ben Bruno)….

Daily Dose
What Becoming an IFBB Bikini Pro Taught Me
Coaching
What Becoming an IFBB Bikini Pro Taught Me

Dieting down to get stage lean might be one of the most strict diets on…

Coaching
Podcast Interview on "Hefty To Handsome" – A Nutrition Plan For Real People with Cody Boom Boom McBroom
Coaching
Podcast Interview on "Hefty To Handsome" – A Nutrition Plan For Real People with Cody Boom Boom McBroom

  “A Nutrition Plan For Real People”…. (Podcast Interview with Gene Fox of Hefty To…

Coaching
Heat/Cold Therapy To Reduce DOMS and Improve Recovery + Health Benefits Of Fasting – March Research Review
Nutrition
Heat/Cold Therapy To Reduce DOMS and Improve Recovery + Health Benefits Of Fasting – March Research Review

*Note from Brandon: if you want to learn how to interpret research go read each…

Nutrition
[Daily Dose] The Correct Way To Diet…
Daily Dose
[Daily Dose] The Correct Way To Diet…

The Correct Way To Diet… Unfortunately, there’s A LOT of bad diet advice out there……

Daily Dose
My Diet Story. The Good, The Bad, The Ugly…
Nutrition
My Diet Story. The Good, The Bad, The Ugly…

  This may be the realist shit I’ve ever written for my blog. I know…

Nutrition
2014, Your Year For Growth
Lifestyle
2014, Your Year For Growth

The New Year is upon us, which means its resolutions time. Many people think it’s…

Lifestyle
Discovering True Human Optimization [Harsh Reality]
Nutrition
Discovering True Human Optimization [Harsh Reality]

Human Optimization is a word that’s thrown around a lot today. Some say it’s being…

Nutrition
Maximizing Your Performance During The CrossFit Open
Nutrition
Maximizing Your Performance During The CrossFit Open

Five weeks of serious CrossFit action coming at us as we’re only a month away…

Nutrition
Periodizing Your Nutrition (The Key To Results That Last)
Nutrition
Periodizing Your Nutrition (The Key To Results That Last)

Ok, first of all… “What the hell is periodization?” – Glad you asked: Periodization –…

Nutrition
7 Most Frequently Asked Nutrition Questions
Nutrition
7 Most Frequently Asked Nutrition Questions

# 1 – I’m Ready To Get Fit! But Where Do I Start…? Most people…

Nutrition
3 Reasons You NEED Mobility To Lose More Fat
Training
3 Reasons You NEED Mobility To Lose More Fat

What is Mobility?   If your goal is fat loss, you NEED to incorporate mobility…

Training
Rules Of Flexible Dieting: While Traveling
Nutrition
Rules Of Flexible Dieting: While Traveling

So here it is, one of the biggest struggles for anyone attempting to lose weight,…